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The effect of schooling on basic cognition in selected Nordic Countries
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
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2017 (English)In: Europe's Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1841-0413, E-ISSN 1841-0413, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 645-666Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated schooling effects on cognition. Cognitive data were collected as part of a research project (ProMeal) that investigated school meals and measured the intake of school lunch in relation to children’s health, cognitive function, and classroom learning in four Nordic countries, among children between 10–11 years of age. It was found that Finnish pupils attending 4th grade were not, on any measure, outperformed by Norwegian and Icelandic pupils attending 5th and Swedish pupils attending 4th grade on a task measuring working memory capacity, processing speed, inhibition, and in a subsample on response- and attention control. Moreover, boys were found to perform superior to girls on tasks measuring processing speed. However, girls were found to perform better on tasks related to attention and self-control. The results are discussed in relation to the reciprocal association between cognition and schooling and whether these results reflect quality differences between schools in the four Nordic countries; most notably in comparison to Finland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 13, no 4, p. 645-666
Keywords [en]
schooling effects, cognitive functioning, working memory, processing speed, attention, response control, inhibition
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Learning Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Psychology; Food and Nutrition
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142549DOI: 10.5964/ejop.v13i4.1339OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142549DiVA, id: diva2:1162187
Projects
ProMeal (Prospects for promoting health and performance by school meals in Nordic countries)
Funder
Nordic Council of Ministers, 54761Available from: 2017-12-04 Created: 2017-12-04 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Jonsson, BertWaling, MariaOlsson, CeciliaHörnell, Agneta
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Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)LearningNutrition and Dietetics

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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