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Effects of growth and aging on the reference values of pulmonary nitric oxide dynamics in healthy subjects
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Lung- allergy- and sleep research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Lung- allergy- and sleep research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg.
Paris Descartes Univ, Dept Resp Physiol, Med Sch, Paris, France..
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Breath Research, ISSN 1752-7155, E-ISSN 1752-7163, Vol. 11, no 4, article id 047103Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The lung just like all other organs is affected by age. The lung matures by the age of 20 and age-related changes start around middle age, at 40-50 years. Exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) has been shown to be age, height and gender dependent. We hypothesize that the nitric oxide (NO) parameters alveolar NO (CANO), airway flux (J(aw)NO), airway diffusing capacity (DawNO) and airway wall content (CawNO) will also demonstrate this dependence. Data from healthy subjects were gathered by the current authors from their earlier publications in which healthy individuals were included as control subjects. Healthy subjects (n=433) ranged in age from 7 to 78 years. Age-stratified reference values of the NO parameters were significantly different. Gender differences were only observed in the 20-49 age group. The results from the multiple regression models in subjects older than 20 years revealed that age, height and gender interaction together explained 6% of variation in F(E)NOat 50 ml s(-1) (FENO50), 4% in JawNO, 16% inC(aw)NO, 8% in DawNO and 12% in CANO. In conclusion, in this study we have generated reference values for NO parameters from an extended NO analysis of healthy subjects. This is important in order to be able to use these parameters in clinical practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOP PUBLISHING LTD , 2017. Vol. 11, no 4, article id 047103
Keywords [en]
breath test, nitric oxide, mathematical model, health, pulmonary gas exchange
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335112DOI: 10.1088/1752-7163/aa7957ISI: 000410924400003PubMedID: 28612760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-335112DiVA, id: diva2:1161959
Available from: 2017-12-01 Created: 2017-12-01 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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