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Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att arbeta som sjuksköterska
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: cirka 5000 sjuksköterskor examineras varje år i Sverige. En sjuksköterska har många arbetsuppgifter utöver vården runt patienten. Som person skall sjuksköterskan vara respektfull och visa medkänsla. Erfarna sjuksköterskor ansåg att nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor saknade den kunskap som krävdes för att självständigt utöva yrket. De erfarna sjuksköterskorna kände sig ansvariga över de nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskorna och uttryckte att de bland annat på grund av detta upplevde trötthet och utmattning.Syfte: att beskriva nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att arbeta som sjuksköterska samt granska de inkluderade artiklarnas undersökningsgrupp.Metod: en litteraturstudie med en beskrivande design. De elva vetenskapliga artiklarna som inkluderades i studien var av kvantitativ, kvalitativ och mixad ansats. Artiklarna söktes fram i databasen PubMed.Huvudresultat: nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor upplevde att en bra handledning främjade kunskapsutvecklingen men att flera faktorer påverkade självförtroendet negativt i yrkesrollen; bland annat bristen på klinisk erfarenhet. Upplevelser av hierarki och mobbning beskrevs samt att situationer som innebar att kommunicera ledde till upplevelser av stress. Att nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor funderade på att säga upp sig från sitt arbete berodde bland annat på att de kände sig inkompetenta och att de hade svårt att slappna av på fritiden.Slutsats: nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor upplevde de första yrkesverksamma åren som psykiskt krävande och utmattande på grund av bland annat bristen på klinisk erfarenhet och upplevelser av mobbning. En bra handledare främjade kunskapsutvecklingen och bidrog till en bättre upplevelse. Ökad förståelse för nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser är av nytta för både erfarna sjuksköterskor och för verksamheten så de kan förbättra arbetsmiljön för de nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskorna.

Abstract [en]

Background: approximately 5000 nurses are examined each year in Sweden. A nurse has many tasks in addition to the care around the patient. As a person, the nurse should be respectful and show compassion. Experienced nurses felt that newly graduated nurses lacked the knowledge required to independently exercise the profession. The experienced nurses felt responsible for the newly graduated nurses, saying that, among other things, they experienced tiredness and fatigue.Aim: to describe newly graduate nurse´s experience of working as a nurse. Furthermore, the aim of this study was to examine the sampling of the included articles.Methods: a literature study with a descriptive design. The eleven scientific articles included in the study were quantitative, qualitative and mixed approaches. The articles were searched in the PubMed database.Main results: newly graduated nurses felt that good guidance promoted the development of knowledge, but that several factors negatively affected self-confidence in the professional role; including the lack of clinical experience. Experiences of hierarchy and bullying were described as well as the communication leading to experiences of stress. The fact that newly graduated nurses thought to quit their work was due, inter alia, to the fact that they felt incompetent and had difficulty feeling free because they thought about work all the time.Conclusion: newly graduated nurses experienced the first professional years as mentally demanding and exhaustive due to the lack of clinical experience and experiences of bullying. A good supervisor fostered the development of knowledge and contributed to a better experience. Increased understanding of the experience of newly graduated nurses is beneficial for both experienced nurses and for the occupations so that they can improve the working environment of newly graduated nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
experience, new graduate, nurses
Keywords [sv]
nyutexaminerad, sjuksköterskor, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25717DiVA, id: diva2:1161814
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-01 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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