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Farmer fishermen: Interior lake fishing among coastal communities inNorthern Sweden AD 1200-1600
Silvermuseet, Institute for Subarctic Landscape Research (INSARC), Arjeplog, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 134-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the productive fishing grounds had long attracted the Crown and the Church to northern Sweden, it was not until the sixteenth century that the judicial and fiscal powers of the Swedish Crown were exercised in full. Records show that the regular fishing in interior lakes formed a prominent enterprise among coastal farmer communities. This paper examines the social and economic context of farmers engaged in interior fishing with respect to the internal organization of village communities, principles of private and collective ownership, land-use strategies and inter-community relations. There are no a-priori assumptions about the coastal population being “Swedish”. Instead of applying ethnonyms, the terms “farmer” and “coastal” are used throughout the paper. The main area of investigation includes the coastal area of northernmost Sweden and the western parts of Finnish Lapland. The study shows that interior lakes fitted into village resource areas, long sanctioned by usage, and that usufruct belonged to village members collectively. A large part of the fishing lakes are situated in interior Sámi territory. Fishermen were internalizing Sámi place names, implying close relations between the groups. Archeological investigations point to subsistence strategies including systemic interior lake fishing being established before AD 1200. The authors propose that coastal and interior communities should be perceived as two economic strategies representing indigenous and pre-colonial land-use schemes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tromsö: Routledge, 2017. Vol. 34, no 2, p. 134-158
Keyword [en]
Interior lake fishing, medieval, coastal farmers, Sámi; land-use, Northern Sweden
National Category
Archaeology History
Research subject
Archaeology; History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142436DOI: 10.1080/08003831.2017.1390662OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142436DiVA, id: diva2:1161558
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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