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Medeltida gårdar i Böle by, Lövånger
Silvermuseet i Arjeplog, Insarc Torget SE-938 31 Arjeplog, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2017 (Swedish)In: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 16, p. 135-159Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

A tax register (Gustav Vasa's jordebok), from 1543, shows that there were 148 tax units or farms in Lövånger parish at the time. This paper records excavations conducted in 2014 in one of the villages named Böle. Two farmsteads were partly excavated. One (Lövånger parish no. Raä 508) consisted of two house foundations and an ancient field with clearance cairns, and another (Lövånger parish no Raä 621) consisted of three house foundations, a cellar and clearance cairns.

Radiocarbon datings show that the farmsteads were used during the 12th–15th centuries. A coin was found, a so called "klipping", which can be dated to the early reign of King Gustav Vasa, 1521–1523. Most of the artefacts found came from refuse deposits, containing large amounts of burned and unburned bone fragments. Nearly all of the identified bones (c. 97–98 %) came from domesticated animals, such as cattle, sheep and goat. Sources of the few identified bones from wild game included seal, hare, pike and perch.

Areas covered by house foundations on the two sites varied from c. 20 - 50 m2. All foundations had cairns in one corner, marking fireplaces. The houses on the foundations were probably timber-framed, like most houses in the area during historical times. In and outside the houses, pieces of bricks and burned clay were found, showing that the farmers used bricks, at least to some extent in the fireplaces, as early as the 14th century.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2017. Vol. 16, p. 135-159
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142435DiVA, id: diva2:1161556
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-03-07Bibliographically approved

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Ramqvist, Per H
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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