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Undernäring och ordination av energi- och proteinrik kost till äldre på särskilt boende
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Malnutrition occurs in almost one-fifth of the elderly in nursing homes. Malnutrition may contribute to problems such as impaired immune system, impaired healing, decreased lung and muscle function, as well as prolonged care in hospitals and increased mortality. Energy and protein dense dietary is prescribed to prevent and treat malnutrition.

Objective: To investigate how many of the elderly in nursing homes were malnourished or at risk of malnutrition and how many of them were prescribed energy and protein dense dietary.

Method: The design of this study was retrospective descriptive, with quantitative approach. Data from completed Mini Nutritional Assessments and existing diet certificates were collected and reviewed using a review template.

Results: According to the Mini Nutritional Assessments, 144 (70%) elderly were screened for malnutrition. Of these 14 (10%) were assessed to be malnourished and 66 (46%) were at risk of malnutrition. Energy and protein dense dietary was prescribed in 12 (86%) of those who were malnourished, while 21 (32%) elderly at risk of malnutrition were prescribed energy and protein dense dietary. The difference between the groups was significant (p= .000).

Conclusion: A majority was screened with Mini Nutritional Assessment. Nutritional status showed a small proportion of malnourished, and the majority were at risk of malnutrition. Most of the malnourished were prescribed energy and protein dense dietary, while the recommendation to prescribe this diet at risk of malnutrition had low compliance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 26
Keyword [sv]
Undernäring, äldre, Mini Nutritional Assessment, energi- och proteinrik kost, särskilt boende
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334784OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-334784DiVA, id: diva2:1160656
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-01 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf