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A two-dimensional toy model for geophysical turbulence
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. (Erik Lindborg)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2979-6327
2017 (English)In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 29, no 11, article id 111114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A toy model for large scale geophysical turbulence is constructed by making two modifications of the shallow water model. Unlike the shallow water model, the toy model has a quadratic expression for total energy, which is the sum of Available Potential Energy (APE) and Kinetic Energy (KE). More importantly, in contrast to the shallow water model, the toy model does not produce any shocks. Three numerical simulations with different forcing are presented and compared with the simulation of a full General Circulation Model (GCM). The energy which is injected cascades in a similar way as in the GCM. First, some of the energy is converted from APE to KE at large scales. The wave field then undergoes a forward energy cascade displaying shallow spectra, close to k−5/3, for both APE and KE, while the vortical field either displays a k−3-spectrum or a more shallow spectrum, close to k−5/3, depending on the forcing. In a simulation with medium forcing wave number, some of the energy which is converted from APE to KE undergoes an inverse energy cascade which is produced by nonlinear interactions only involving the rotational component of the velocity field. The inverse energy cascade builds up a vortical field at larger scales than the forcing scale. At these scales, coherent vortices emerge with a strong dominance of anticyclonic vortices. The relevance of the simulation results to the dynamics of the atmosphere is discussed as in possible continuations of the investigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2017. Vol. 29, no 11, article id 111114
Keywords [en]
shallow water equation, 2D turbulence, geophysical flows
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Engineering Mechanics; Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218094DOI: 10.1063/1.4985990ISI: 000416067400014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85035141675OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-218094DiVA, id: diva2:1159542
Funder
Swedish Research Council, D0519101
Note

QC 20171211

Available from: 2017-11-22 Created: 2017-11-22 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2018-11-22 21:00
Available from 2018-11-22 21:00

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