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Klara, färdiga, jobba: Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors första steg i vårdandet
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Erfarna sjuksköterskor upplever att nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor har svårigheter att arbeta självständigt, hantera det höga arbetstempot, planera sitt arbete och delegering. Dock anser sjuksköterskestudenter att utbildningen förbereder dem för sjuksköterskerollen, samt att de är kompetenta nog att klara arbetet som sjuksköterska. Sjuksköterskestudenter menar även att yrket är mer komplext än de tidigare trott.

Metod: Kvalitativ, systematisk litteraturstudie med beskrivande syntes. Analys av 13 artiklar.

Syfte: Att beskriva nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda.

Resultat: Resultatet består av två teman och sju subteman. Att vara nybörjare inkluderade upplevelsen av att inte vara redo, att ha höga förväntningar, att erfara det oväntade samt att uppleva ett behov av stöd och handledning. Att bli ett med sjuksköterskerollen handlade om att sjuksköterskorna upplevde sig mer självsäkra, var mer tillfreds i sjuksköterskerollen samt hade fått en bättre förståelse för sjuksköterskerollen.

Slutsats: Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor upplevde första tiden som oroväckande och svår. Sjuksköterskerollen kändes överväldigande men med tiden blev den lättare att hantera. Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor upplevde att de fått en bättre förståelse för arbetet, var mer självsäkra samt höll en högre kvalitet i vårdandet. Resultatet skulle kunna vara till nytta för erfarna sjuksköterskor, arbetsgivare och nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor.

Abstract [en]

Background: Experienced nurses experience that newly qualified nurses have difficulties in working independently, coping with the high work rate, planning their work and delegating. However, nursing students thinks that nursing school prepares them for the nursing role, and that they are competent enough to handle the work as a nurse. Nursing students also mean that the work is more complex then what they originally thought.

Method: Qualitative, systematic literature review with a descriptive synthesis. Analysis of 13 articles.

Aim: To describe newly qualified nurses’ experiences of nursing.

Results: The result was built out of two themes and seven subthemes. To be a beginner included the experience of not being ready, to have high expectations, to experience the unexpected, and to experience a need for support and preceptorship. To the nurses, becoming one with the nursing role meant becoming more self-confident, to be satisfied with the nursing role and had gotten a better understanding for the role of nursing.

Conclusion: Newly qualified nurses experienced the first period, as nurses, to be disquieting and hard. The nursing role felt overwhelming but got easier with time. The newly qualified nurses experienced that they had gotten a better understanding of the profession, had become more self-confident and kept a higher quality of care. The results could be of use for experienced nurses, employers and for newly qualified nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 41
Keywords [en]
Caring, literature review, newly qualified, nurse, role transition, unexperienced
Keywords [sv]
Litteraturstudie, nyutexaminerad, oerfaren, rollövergång, sjuksköterska, vårdande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-37273OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-37273DiVA, id: diva2:1158937
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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