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Batterimatning som reservdrift på mellanspänningsnätet
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Battery storage as a power reserve in the mid-voltage grid (English)
Abstract [en]

The grid in the northern part of Sweden is characterized by long radial lines with just a few customers. To secure electricity supply it is necessary to have a redundant feeding alternative. A loop structured grid which is used in the more populated urban area is a poor solution in the rural areas both regarding economy and technology due to the long distances. To feed the northern grid in Sweden a battery energy storage system (BESS) is therefore a solution that could secure the power delivery. An important aspect to investigate is how the electric power quality changes with the new feeder, but more importantly to secure disconnection of supply at fault occurrence.

 

This thesis investigates how a battery storage system installed at the end of a mid-voltage line affects the electric power quality and the protection system compared to a reference case which represents the line today. The mid-voltage line is an existing line in the northern grid and is a good representation of the general northern grid.  

 

The results obtained from this study show that the loop impedance does not necessarily have to deteriorate with the new feeder, which means that the voltage quality in this aspect does not change. This is only true for this particular grid when the impedance contribution from the mid-voltage grid is small and the contribution from the low-voltage grid is large because of long and weak distribution low-voltage lines.  

 

The inverter is the limiting factor for the short circuit currents, and the short circuit power and current decrease with the new feeder. At fault occurrence in the low voltage grid the short circuit current does not affect the fuse blow. However the inverter will disconnect for all fault occurrences in the mid-voltage grid, and for faults with high short circuit power in the low voltage grid. This means that the selectivity will decrease, but the system will have a high security level.

 

For this particular grid the results show that the transformer can be isolated from the ground. A residual overvoltage relay is enough for disconnection of grounding faults. Directional ground fault protection is not necessary for this line with this particular characteristics. If the sensitivity for the disconnection of grounding faults with high transition impedances is adjusted according to ground fault currents in island operation, the sensitivity then decreases at the event of a fault during normal operations when the battery storage system is charging. The sensitivity might also be tuned according to normal operation, which then results in a higher sensitivity than necessary during island operation.    

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Series
UPTEC ES, ISSN 1650-8300 ; 17 013
Keywords [sv]
Batterilager, batterireserv, batterilagring, batterimatning, mellanspänning, mellanspänningsnätet, lokalnät, MSP, reservdrift, reservmatning, n-1, eldistribution
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333868OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-333868DiVA, id: diva2:1158140
External cooperation
Vattenfall Eldistribution AB
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-17 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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