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Dietisthjälp på distans: En kvantitativ studie om virtuell vård med FODMAP som kostbehandlingsmetod
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Dietetic guidance through virtual care : A quantitative study on virtual care with FODMAP as dietary treatment (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund Virtuell vård innefattar alla digitala vårdlösningar exempelvis telefon, video och chatt och kräver därmed inga fysiska möten. Genom att med hjälp av virtuell vård behandla mindre akuta fall, såsom patienter med Irritable bowle syndrome (IBS), skulle den fysiska vården kunna avlastas och tid och pengar kunna sparas.

Syfte Att undersöka uppfattningen av virtuell vård som kostbehandlingsmetod hos individer som genomgår kostbehandlingen FODMAP.

Metod I samarbete med företaget Belly Balance skickades en webbaserad enkät ut till företagets medlemmar som genomgick eller hade genomgått företagets virtuella behandlingsprogram Magbalans. De inhämtade svaren (n=47) analyserades i SPSS och testades med hjälp av Fischers Exact Test. Signifikansnivån sattes till p ≤ 0,05.

Resultat Några av orsakerna till att deltagarna sökt sig till virtuell vård var upplevd bristande hjälp från den fysiska vården samt smärta och obehag från mag-tarmkanalen. Deltagarna var positiva till virtuell vård och friheten att kunna genomföra behandlingen när och där man ville uppgavs vara en fördel. Merparten av deltagarna upplevde sig hjälpta av behandlingen, de yngre deltagarna i studien (< 47 år) upplevde i högre utsträckning att de blivit hjälpta i form av bättre maghälsa än de äldre deltagarna (≥ 47 år) (p=0,119). Vid utformning av virtuell vård visade studien att ingen hänsyn behöver tas till faktorer såsom ålder och utbildning.

Slutsats Deltagarna i studien hade överlag en positiv inställning till och upplevde symtomlindring av virtuell vård som kostbehandlingsmetod, vilket skulle kunna göra den till en framtida aktuell behandlingsmetod för individer med IBS. Då tekniken är under konstant utveckling behövs fler studier, med utgångsläget av dagens tillgång på virtuella verktyg, göras för att kunna dra generaliserbara slutsatser för hur den virtuella vården i framtiden bör utformas. 

Abstract [en]

Background Virtual care includes all digital care solutions such as phone, video, and chat. Therefore, virtual care does not require physical meetings. By using virtual care in the treatment of less acute cases, such as patients with Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), the need for physical meetings would be reduced and time and money could be saved.

Objective To investigate the perception of virtual care as the dietary treatment method for individuals undergoing the dietary treatment FODMAP.

Method(s) In collaboration with the company Belly Balance, a web-based survey was sent to the companys’ members who underwent or had previously taken part of the companys’ virtual treatment program Magbalans. The obtained responses (n = 47) were analysed in SPSS and tested using Fischers Exact Test. The level of significance was p ≤ 0.05.

Results Reasons why the participants requested virtual care were insufficient help from the regular care and pain and discomfort from the gastrointestinal tract. The participants were overall satisfied with the virtual treatment and the freedom to perform the treatment when and where they wanted to was highlighted as positive. Most participants were helped by the treatment, younger participants (< 47 years) perceived to a greater extent that they were helped than the older participants (≥ 47 years). The study showed that no consideration has to be taken for factors such as age and education when planning virtual care.

Conclusion The participants in the study had a positive attitude towards and a good effect from the virtual FODMAP dietary treatment. This implies that this treatment approach to a greater extent should be used for individuals with IBS. As the technology is under constant development, more studies, based on today's access to virtual tools, are needed to be able to make generalizable conclusions about how virtual care should be developed in the future. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [sv]
Dietist, Virtuell vård, FODMAP
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142027DiVA, id: diva2:1157902
External cooperation
Belly Balance
Subject / course
Examensarbete inom dietistprogrammet
Educational program
Degree of Bachelor in Dietetics
Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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