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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att möta kvinnor som har stressrelaterade symtom: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Statistik från Försäkringskassan (2016) visar att stressrelaterad sjukskrivning i form av utmattningssyndrom har ökat markant de senaste åren där ökningen är störst bland kvinnor, och dubbelt så vanligt jämfört med män. Det handlar om krav och förväntningar i vardagen, och om svårigheten att hålla balansen mellan dessa. Att arbeta förebyggande för att förhindra sjukskrivning på grund av stress är viktigt och livsstilsmottagning på hälsocentral kan vara en arena för det.

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av arbetet på livsstilsmottagning med kvinnor som har stressrelaterade symtom.

Metod: Studien är empirisk och utgår från en kvalitativ design med induktiv karaktär. Sex sjuksköterskor deltog i studien där semistrukturerade intervjuer användes. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys har använts vid analys av data.

Resultat: Följande kategorier framkom; Sjuksköterskans insatster vid stressymtom, där tydliggörs sjuksköterskans insatser i mötet med kvinnan. Teamsamverkan, där beskrivs befintlig/obefintlig teamsamverkan mellan professioner. Preventivt arbete efterfrågas, där sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av hur ett preventivt arbete med stress skulle kunna utformas. Behov av kompetensutveckling gällande stress, där framkom brist på kompetensutveckling och Utmaningar i arbetet med stressymtom där det framkom sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av svårigheter med att tydliggöra hos kvinnan om stressens påverkan.

Slutsats: Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet visar att det idag saknas kompetens på Livsstilsmottagning gällande stresshantering. Resultatet av studien belyser vikten av att involvera sjuksköterskan i arbetet med stress.

Abstract [en]

Background: Statistics from Försäkringskassan (2016) show that stress-related illness claims due to burnout have significantly increased over the last few years. Whereas this increase is greatest amongst women, it is also twice as common amongst them when compared to men. This is mainly due to the demands and expectations of everyday life, as well as the difficulties in being able to balance them. Working preventively to prevent sick leave due to stress is important and lifestyle medical center can be an arena for it.

Purpose: The purpose is to illustrate the experiences of nurses at a lifestyle medical center when it comes to working with women that have stress-related symptoms.

Method: The study is empirical and based upon a qualitative design with an inductive nature. Six nurses participated in the study, and semi-structured interviews were performed. Qualitative content analysis has been used to analyze the data.

Results: The following categories emerged; The efforts of nurses in the case of stress-related symptoms, which clarifies the nurse's efforts in the meeting with the woman, Teamwork, which describes existing/non-existent teamwork between professions. Preventative work is requested, where nurses´ experience of how preventive stress work could be designed and The need for development of competencies pertaining to stress and exhaustion when it comes to work concerning stress-related symptoms, where nurses´ experience of difficulties in clarifying the stress of stress on the woman.

Conclusion: The experiences of nurses show that there is a lack of competence when it comes to dealing with the treatment of stress at lifestyle medical centers. The results of the study highlight the importance of getting nurses involved when working with stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 37
Keyword [en]
Lifestyle medical center, Nurse experience, Stress, Women
Keyword [sv]
Kvinnor, Livsstilsmottagning, Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter, Stress
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-68734DiVA, id: diva2:1156745
Subject / course
Health care science
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Primary Health Care, 75 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2017-11-16Bibliographically approved

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