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Dietary Fiber Intake among Normal-Weight and Overweight Female Health Care Workers: An Exploratory Nested Case-Control Study within FINALE-Health
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4864-7842
Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, Denmark & Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Kløvervænget 3, Indgang, 5000 Odense, Denmark.
Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, Denmark & Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, JB Winsløwsvej 9A, 5000 Odense, Denmark.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, ISSN 2090-0724, E-ISSN 2090-0732, article id 1096015Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Socioeconomic factors affect choice of diet, that is, dietary fiber intake. Underreporting of food consumption in diet surveys has been reported higher in low-income, low-education groups compared to high-income, high-education groups. This paper examines in a socioeconomic homogenous low-income low-education group of females the relation between dietary fiber intake and overweight and scrutinizes if the level of underreporting is equally large in normal-weight and overweight groups. Thirty-four female health care workers classified as either normal-weight () or obese () based on BMI, fat percentage, and waist circumference participated. A detailed food-diary was used to record their dietary intake in 9 days. Average dietary fiber intake in the normal-weight group was 2.73 +/− 0.65 g/MJ, while it was 2.15 +/− 0.64 g/MJ for the women in the obese group. In both groups, the overall food intake was underreported. In spite of a significantly lower dietary fiber intake in the obese group, the present population of women working within health care all showed an overall low dietary fiber intake and a general underreporting of food intake. These results indicate a clear need for dietary advice especially on fiber intake to increase general health and decrease weight.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2017. article id 1096015
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141848DOI: 10.1155/2017/1096015ISI: 000415086900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141848DiVA, id: diva2:1156688
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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