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Utformning av teknikklassrum som främjar projektbaserad undervisning
KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Designing a Classroom for the Technology Subject that Promotes Project-based Teaching (English)
Abstract [sv]

Teknikämnet är i ständig förändring i och med den snabba teknikutvecklingen, medan

klassrummets utseende i princip inte har förändrats sedan 1840-talet. Därför lär inte det

traditionella klassrummet vara anpassat för teknikämnet och dess undervisning idag. Syftet

har varit att undersöka, analysera och utforma förslag på hur teknikklassrum kan utformas.

Vidare var syftet att utvärdera förslagen med utgångspunkt i perspektivet att klassrummet

ska främja projektbaserad undervisning. För att uppnå syftet genomfördes en

litteraturstudie samt datainsamling bestående av intervjuer och fokusgrupper med lärare

och elever. En fenomenografisk analys utfördes på empirin för att finna uppfattningar om

vad som är viktigt vid utformning av ett klassrum. Analysen visade att den fysiska

inomhusmiljön, möblering, material i klassrummet, inspiration för elever samt vad som

finns i närheten av klassrummet, är viktigt att ta hänsyn till vid utformning av

teknikklassrummet. Flexibilitet verkade vara den enskilt viktigaste faktorn att ta hänsyn till

vid klassrumsutformning, därför behöver flexibilitet genomsyra alla kategorier. De fysiska

miljöfaktorer som lärare ansåg påverkar projektbaserad undervisning var material,

ljudvolym, estetik och elevernas placering. När ett klassrum ska utformas för att främja

projektbaserad undervisning behöver skolan ta hänsyn till vilka typer av projekt

klassrummet ska möjliggöra eftersom olika projekt kräver olika fysiska miljöer. Fem

klassrumsförslag för teknikämnet utformades främst med hjälp av den fenomenografiska

analysen. En utvärdering av klassrumsförslagen gjordes och enligt respondenterna passar

två av förslagen, eller en kombination av dem, bäst för projektbaserad undervisning.

Abstract [en]

Technology is a Swedish school subject that is in constant change because of the rapid rate

of technology development, while the classroom appearance, in principle, has not changed

since the 1840s. Hence, the traditional classroom might not be suited for the subject of

technology and its teaching. The aim has been to investigate, analyze and design proposals

on how a classroom for the technology subject can be designed. Furthermore, the aim was to

evaluate the proposals based on the perspective that the classroom should promote projectbased

teaching. To achieve the aim, literature studies and data collection was conducted

consisting of interviews and focus groups with teachers and students. A phenomenological

analysis was conducted to find perceptions of what is important when designing a

classroom. The analysis showed that the physical indoor environment, furnishings and

materials in the classroom, inspiration for students as well as what is in the vicinity of the

classroom are important to be taken into consideration when designing a classroom for the

technology subject. Flexibility seemed to be the single most important factor to take into

account in classroom design, therefore, flexibility needs to permeate all categories. The

physical environmental factors that teachers thought influenced project-based teaching were

material, sound volume, aesthetics and students' placement. When a classroom is to be

designed to promote project-based teaching, the school needs to take into account what kind

of projects the classroom should enable because different projects require different physical

environments. Five classroom proposals for the technology subject were designed primarily

using the phenomenological analysis. An evaluation of the classroom proposals was made

and according to the respondents, two of the proposals, or a combination of them, are best

suited for project-based teaching.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 43
Series
TRITA-ECE-EX ; 2017:23
Keywords [en]
classroom for the technology subject, designing classrooms, project-based teaching, teachers' and students’ perceptions, the technology subject, upper secondary school
Keywords [sv]
gymnasieskola, lärares och elevers uppfattningar, projektbaserad, undervisning, teknikklassrum, teknikämnet, utformning av klassrum
National Category
Engineering and Technology Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217347OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-217347DiVA, id: diva2:1155786
External cooperation
Vallentuna kommun
Subject / course
Technology and Learning
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Engineering and of Education
Presentation
2017-10-27, 00:00
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-13 Created: 2017-11-09 Last updated: 2018-01-04Bibliographically approved

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