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Vård vid alkoholberoende: En litteraturstudie utifrån ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Inom den somatiska samt psykiatriska sjukvården utgör alkoholberoende patienter en stor del. Bakgrunden baserar sig på ett patientperspektiv med vuxna patienter från 18 år och uppåt. Dessa patienter beskriver hur de upplever sin livssituation, problematik, vård samt resurser och hinder i deras vardag. Problem: Patienter med alkoholberoende upplever sig kränkta och blir inte bemötta på ett professionellt sätt av sjuksköterskor. Enligt dessa patienter anses sjuksköterskor ha en bristfällig kunskap om beroendeproblematik, vilket påverkar deras vård. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med alkoholberoende. Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats. Resultat: Sjuksköterskor upplevde både positivitet och negativitet vid vård av alkoholberoende patienter. Dessa patienter sågs som en utmaning i vården, då de enligt sjuksköterskor var svårhanterliga. Genom empati och erfarenhet kunde sjuksköterskor bidra till möjligheter för sina patienter, de såg helheten och inte enbart sjukdomen. Slutsats: Alla patienter har rätt till lika god vård. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskor ser personen bakom sjukdomen, motiverar sina patienter och skapar delaktighet, vilket ger positiva resultat i patienters tillfrisknande. Det angivna syftet har betydelse för framtida sjuksköterskor under utbildning samt färdigutbildade sjuksköterskor och andra yrkesverksamma professioner.   

Abstract [en]

Background: Alcohol-dependent patients form a large part within somatic and psychiatric care. The background is based on a patient perspective with adult patients aged 18 years and over. These patients describe how they experience their life situation, problems, care, and resources and obstacles in their daily lives. Problem: Patients with alcohol dependence are perpetrators and are not treated in a professional manner by nurses. According to these patients, nurses are considered to have insufficient knowledge about addiction problems, which affects their care. Aim: To describe nurses' experiences of caring for patients with alcohol dependence. Method: A literature study with qualitative approach. Results: Nurses experienced both positive and negative feelings in the care of alcohol dependent patients. These patients were seen as a challenge in the care, as they, according to nurses, were difficult to handle. Through empathy and experience, nurses could contribute to opportunities for their patients, seeing the whole and not just the disease. Conclusion: All patients are entitled to equal care. It is important that nurses see the person behind the disease, motivate their patients and create participation, which gives positive results in patient recovery. The stated aim is important for future nurses during education, as well as pre-educated nurses and other professional professions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 41
Keyword [en]
Alcohol abuse, care, experiences, nurses, treatment.
Keyword [sv]
Alkoholmissbruk, bemötande, erfarenheter, sjuksköterskor, vård.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-37223OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-37223DiVA, id: diva2:1155573
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-08 Created: 2017-11-08 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved

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Vård vid alkoholberoende(667 kB)48 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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