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Faktorer som påverkar upplevelsen av bemötande hos personer med substansbrukssyndrom
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Personer som brukar droger är en särskilt utsatt patientgrupp inom hälso- och sjukvården, bland annat på grund av stigmatisering och dåligt bemötande. Ett dåligt bemötande kan ge negativa konsekvenser för patientens behandling. Syfte: Att utforska faktorer som påverkar hur patienter med substansbrukssyndrom upplever bemötandet av hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal. Metod: Litteraturstudie med kvalitativa originalartiklar. Vid litteratursökning användes PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, ScienceDirect och CINAHL. Resultat: Ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt ger patienter en god upplevelse av bemötande, stigmatisering samt en brist på formell kompetens hos hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal ger en sämre upplevelse av bemötande. Slutsats: De faktorer som påverkar upplevelsen av bemötande är hur väl ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt utövades, om det förekommer stigmatiserande attityder och beteenden, samt sjuksköterskors formella kompetens inom substansbrukssyndrom. Personer med substansbrukssyndrom kan uppleva att hälso- och sjukvårdspersonals bemötande påverkar deras benägenhet att söka vård. Förbättring och utökning av utbildning inom substansbrukssyndrom och bemötande bör prioriteras inom hälso- och sjukvårdsutbildningar.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: People who use drugs are particularly vulnerable patients within health care, due to stigmatization and poor attitudes from healthcare professionals. Poor treatment can cause negative consequences for the patient’s overall health. Aim: To explore factors affecting how patients with substance use disorder experience treatment from healthcare professionals. Method: Literature review of qualitative studies. Data is collected from databases PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, ScienceDirect and CINAHL. Result: A person centered approach has a positive effect on the experience of treatment. Stigmatization and lack of formal competence are factors contributing to a negative experience of treatment from healthcare professionals. Conclusion: The factors contributing to the experience of treatment from healthcare professionals are if person centered care is applied, if stigmatizing behaviors and attitudes are present, and the formal nursing education levels related to substance use disorders. Individuals with substance use disorders may experience that treatment received by healthcare professionals affect their decision to seek care. Improvement and extension of nurse’s education related to substance use disorder and treatment within health care should be a priority.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
Health care professional - patient relations, Attitudes, Substance use disorder, Nursing, Person centered care, Stigmatization, Education
Keywords [sv]
Bemötande, Substansbrukssyndrom, Omvårdnad, Personcentrerad vård, Stigmatisering, Utbildning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-333008DiVA, id: diva2:1154807
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-09 Created: 2017-11-05 Last updated: 2017-11-09Bibliographically approved

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