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Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att samtala om sexuell hälsa med patienter med diabetes mellitus: District nurse´s experiences of talking about sexual health with patients with diabetes mellitus
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion:  Diabetes mellitus är en av de folksjukdomar som många människor drabbas av. Det finns ett samband mellan diabetes mellitus och sexuell hälsa. Flera forskningsstudier visar att distriktssköterskor upplever svårigheter att samtala om sexuell hälsa med patienter. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att samtala om sexuell hälsa med patienter med sjukdomen diabetes mellitus. Metod: Kvalitativ metod med en induktiv ansats valdes. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med tio distriktssköterskor och data har analyserats med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Studiens huvudfynd resulterade i fem kategorier: män informeras om komplikationer, kvinnors sexuella hälsa försummas, frågan uppskattas, ett känsligt ämne och erfarenheter saknas. I resultatet framkom att majoriteten av deltagarna ansåg att sexuell hälsa var ett viktigt ämne att samtala med patienterna om, ändock lyfts sällan ämnet under samtalet. Det var främst patienten själv som tog upp ämnet.  Konklusion: Studien visade att sexuell hälsa är ett ämne som oftast inte samtalas om med patienter inom primärvården. Det beror mycket på den enskilda distriktssköterskans kunskap och rutiner huruvida patienter med diabetes mellitus bjuds in till samtal om sexuell hälsa.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is one of the people's diseases that many people suffer from. There is a connection between diabetes mellitus and sexual health. Several research studies show that district nurses experience difficulties in talking about sexual health with patients. Purpose: The aim was to describe district nurses' experiences of talking about sexual health with patients with diabetes mellitus disease. Method: Qualitative method with an inductive approach was chosen. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten district nurses and data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The main findings of the study resulted in five categories: men are informed about complications, women's sexual health neglected, the subject is estimated, a sensitive subject and experience is lacking. The result showed that the majority of participants felt that sexual health was an important subject to talk about with the patients, but rarely raised the subject during the conversation. It was primarily the patient himself who raised the subject. Conclusion: The study showed that sexual health is a topic that is usually not discussed with primary care patients. It depends a lot on the individual district nurse's knowledge and routines whether patients with diabetes mellitus are invited to interviews about sexual health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes mellitus, sexual health, district nurse, nursing
Keyword [sv]
Diabetes mellitus, sexuell hälsa, distriktssköterska, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-65112DiVA: diva2:1154730
Subject / course
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, Graduate Diploma
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-09 Created: 2017-11-03 Last updated: 2017-11-09Bibliographically approved

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