Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Faktorer som påverkar följsamhet till livsstilsråd hos personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors affecting adherence to lifestyle advice among persons with diabetes mellitus type (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Diabetes är en sjukdom som drabbar fyra till sex procent av Sveriges befolkning, 80 procent av dem har diabetes mellitus typ 2. Symtom för diabetes är ökad törst, ökad urinmängd samt trötthet. Diabetes behandlas med livsstilsförändringar samt medicinering. Det är hälso- och sjukvårdens uppgift att påverka patientens levnadsvanor och motivera till en livsstilsförändring. En distriktssköterska ska arbeta hälsofrämjande för att förebygga sjukdom.  Syftet: Studiens syfte var att undersöka faktorer som påverkar följsamhet till livsstilsråd hos personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2 inom primärvården. Metod: Enligt metod beskriven av Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering [SBU] har en systematisk litteraturstudie genomförts. Studier till litteraturstudien söktes fram i databaserna Cinahl och PubMed. Elva artiklar utgör resultatet i litteraturstudien.  Resultat: I studiens resultat framkom tre teman med kategorier. Det som framkom som påverkade följsamheten till livsstilsråd hos personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2 var temat personliga faktorer med kategorierna: motivation, fysisk och kognitiv förmåga, kunskap och utveckling. Temat sociala faktorer med kategorierna: relationer med närstående, relationer med vårdpersonal och språkbarriärer. Temat omgivningsfaktorer med kategorierna: ekonomiska förutsättningar, kultur och religion samt klimat. Slutsats: Det fanns flera faktorer som påverkade följsamheten till livsstilsråd, både positivt och negativt. För personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2 var stöd av vårdpersonal viktigt för följsamheten. Vårdpersonal skall identifiera personens motivation till livsstilsförändringar. Studien ger ökad kunskap om vilka faktorer som påverkar följsamheten och kan hjälpa distriktssköterskor i sitt hälsofrämjande arbete med personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Diabetes affects four to six percent of Sweden's population, 80% of them have type 2 diabetes mellitus. Symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, increased amount of urine and fatigue. The treatment for diabetes is lifestyle changes as well as medication. It is the responsibility of healthcare personnel to influence the patient's living habits and motivate a lifestyle change. Health promotion constitutes one area of the district nurses work. Aim: The aim of the study was to examine factors affecting adherence to lifestyle advice among persons with diabetes mellitus type 2 in primary care. Method: According to method described by Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of [SBU], a systematic literature review was used. Studies in the literature study were searched in the databases Cinahl and PubMed. Eleven studies formed the basis for the study results. Result: In the study result, three themes with categories are described. What was identified as affecting the adherence with lifestyle advice among people with diabetes were personal factors with the categories: motivation, physical and cognitive ability, knowledge and development. The topic of social factors with the categories: relationships with related people, relationships with healthcare professionals and language barriers. The theme of environmental factors included the categories: economic conditions, culture and religion and climate. Conclusion:  There were several factors that influenced adherence with lifestyle advice, both positively and negatively. For people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, support from healthcare professionals was important for adherence. Healthcare professionals should identify the person's motivation for lifestyle changes. The study provides increased knowledge of the factors that affect adherence and can assist district nurses in health promotion with persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
Adherence, compliance, diabetes mellitus type 2, lifestyles changes, self-car
Keywords [sv]
Adherence, compliance, diabetes mellitus typ 2, livsstilsförändringar, egenvård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-65105DiVA, id: diva2:1154594
Subject / course
Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-09 Created: 2017-11-03 Last updated: 2017-11-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(514 kB)125 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 514 kBChecksum SHA-512
2d8059d1d59468b864de41a992add11ada358c8d54f3bc765ee223d6564b0f0c5c3984314aa3619b907e439321b29b98254062e6599c2fb5f8678698d8d703d0
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013)
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 125 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 403 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf