Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Projecting Urban Natures: Investigating integrative approaches to urban development and nature conservation
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Critical Studies in Architecture.
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Projecting Urban Natures is a compilation thesis in critical studies in architecture. It comprises three journal articles and four design proposals in which I have taken an active part. The point of departure for this thesis is the renewed emphasis on social-ecological interaction and resilience that is currently taking place within ecological systems science, and the opportunities that these paradigmatic insights in turn have opened up within urbanism and design. The thesis argues that although they are promising, these emerging integrative frameworks are seldom brought into mainstream planning and urban design practice. Instead, the structuring of “nature” and “city” into a dualistic balance relationship still permeates not only the general planning discourse, but also makes its way into planning documents, notably influencing distinctions between professions. In response, this thesis sets out to rethink and explore more integrated approaches to human/nature relationships, through the utilization of design-based and transdisciplinary research methods. While this core aim of the thesis remains the same throughout the work, the task is approached from different perspectives: through different constellations of collaborative work as well as through parallel case-based explorations that emphasize the relational, anti-essentialist and situated articulation of values of urban natures and how these forces come into play. The work has been propelled through workshop-based, site-specific, and experimental design processes with professionals and researchers from the fields of e.g. systems ecology, natural resource management, political ecology, urban design, architecture, and landscape design, as well as planners, developers, local interest groups, and NGOs. Specifically, projects performed within this thesis include: Nature as an Infrastructural Potential – An Urban Strategy for Järvafältet; Kymlinge UrbanNatur together with NOD, Wingårdhs, MUST and Storylab; Årsta Urban Natures with James Corner Field Operations and Buro Happold; and Albano Resilient Campus — a collaboration between Stockholm Resilience Centre, KTH and KIT.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017.
Series
TRITA-ARK. Akademisk avhandling, ISSN 1402-7461 ; 17:03
Keyword [en]
research through design; interdisciplinary; transdisciplinary; resilience, legibility; landscape urbanism; ecological urbanism; Stockholm; Green Wedges; projective narratives; comprehensive narratives; prototyping; ecosystem services; urban nature conservation
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217153ISBN: 9789177295518 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-217153DiVA: diva2:1154184
Public defence
2017-12-01, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20171102

Available from: 2017-11-07 Created: 2017-11-01 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Challenging dichotomies: exploring resilience as an integrative and operative conceptual framework for large-scale urban green structures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenging dichotomies: exploring resilience as an integrative and operative conceptual framework for large-scale urban green structures
2013 (English)In: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, E-ISSN 1470-000X, Vol. 14, no 3, 349-372 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban planners and urban planning as a field face a major challenge in balancing urban development interests against the need to safeguard socially equitable and ecologically functional green space. This need is still commonly seen through a modernist lens, whereby large-scale green areas are viewed as an antithesis to the city, creating a polarised landscape seemingly free from cross-scale social and ecological interactions. This study reports on a transdisciplinary work process that aimed to challenge this polarisation by exploring more integrative and operative planning approaches to large-scale urban green structures, using the concept of resilience, both as a theoretical umbrella and in relation to a case study in Stockholm, Sweden. The exploration took the form of a series of workshops in which professionals from the fields of planning, urban design, ecology, landscape architecture, and environmental history, as well as city-wide and regional planning, took part. Throughout the process, tentative designs served as "touchstones", bringing questions from a theoretical level to a hands-on, specific, local context. This paper identifies three ways that resilience science can be useful in the planning and management of large urban green structures. Firstly, resilience can introduce complexity and thus make visible synergies and "win-win" situations within planning. Secondly, in highlighting change, resilience can offer alternatives to present conservationist perspectives on green space planning and thus offer constructive ways out of planning-related deadlocks. Thirdly, resilience can be advantageously combined with the concept of "legibility" in clarifying common goals and thus helping to build a constituency which will sustain large-scale green structures over time.

Keyword
green wedges, integrative and operative approaches, nature conservation, resilience, Stockholm, Sweden, transdisciplinary, urban development
National Category
Architecture Landscape Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133811 (URN)10.1080/14649357.2013.813960 (DOI)2-s2.0-84884490496 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20131204

Available from: 2013-12-04 Created: 2013-11-11 Last updated: 2017-11-02Bibliographically approved
2. Of Plants, High Lines and Horses: Civics and Designers in the Relational Articulation of Values of Urban Natures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Of Plants, High Lines and Horses: Civics and Designers in the Relational Articulation of Values of Urban Natures
2017 (English)In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 157, 309-321 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses three interventions into urban green spaces—a wetland in Cape Town, a post- industrial site in New York, and a park outside London. Through their different contexts, they help to grasp a wider phenomenon: the protection of urban nature through the development of protective narratives. We analyze these interventions as examples of “value articulation”, which we view as a relational and sociomaterial practice that requires the enrolment of people, plants, and things that together perform, spread, and deploy stories about why given places need protection. For each case study, we also highlight the moments when narrative practices move beyond mere protection and start to change the very context in which they were developed. We refer to these as projective narratives, emphasizing how novel values and uses are projected onto these spaces, opening them up for reworking. Our analyses of these successful attempts to protect land demonstrate how values emerge as part of inclusive, yet specific, narratives that mobilize and broaden support and constituencies. By constructing spatial linkages, such narratives embed places in wider geographical ‘wholes’ and we observe how the physical landscape itself becomes an active narrative element. In contrast to rationalist and external frameworks for analyzing values in relation to urban natures (e.g., ecosystem services), our ‘bottom-up’ mode situates urban nature in specific contexts, helping us to profoundly rethink planning and practice in order to (i) challenge expert categories and city/nature dichotomies; (ii) provide vernacular ways of knowing/understanding; and (iii) rethink the role of urban designers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-192256 (URN)10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.05.018 (DOI)000390183300029 ()2-s2.0-84982273772 (Scopus ID)
Projects
MOVE Socioecological movements in urbanised ecosystems
Funder
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 211-2011-1519
Note

QC 20160908

Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
3. Towards A Social-Ecological Urbanism: Co-producing knowledge through design in the Albano Resilient Campus project in Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards A Social-Ecological Urbanism: Co-producing knowledge through design in the Albano Resilient Campus project in Stockholm
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

If we are to promote urban sustainability and resilience, social-ecological knowledge must be better integrated in urban planning and design projects. Due to gaps in the two cultures of thinking associated with the disciplines of ecology and design, such integration has, however, proven challenging. In mainstream practice, ecologists often act as sub-consultants; they are seldom engaged in the creative and conceptual phases of the process. Conversely, research aiming to bridgethe gap between design and ecology has tended to be dominated by arelatively static and linear outlook on what the design process is, and what it could be. Further, few concrete examples of the co-production of ecological and design knowledge exist. In this paper, we give an account of a transdisciplinary design proposal for Albano Resilient Campus in Stockholm, discussing how design – seen as a process and an assemblage of artifacts – can act as a framework for co-producing knowledge and operationalizing concepts of resilience and ecosystem services. Througha design-based and action-oriented approach, we discuss how such a collaborative design process may integrate ecological knowledge into urban design through three concrete practices: a) iterative prototyping and generative matrix models; b) designerly mediators or “touchstones”; and c) legible, open-ended, comprehensive narratives. In the conclusion, we sketch the contours of a social-ecological urbanism, speculatingon possible broader and changed roles for ecologists, designers, and associated actors within this framework.

Keyword
Social-Ecological Urbanism; design theory; resilience; ecosystem services; transdisciplinary; prototyping; co-design
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217146 (URN)
Note

QCR 20171102

Available from: 2017-11-01 Created: 2017-11-01 Last updated: 2017-11-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(26018 kB)19 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 26018 kBChecksum SHA-512
e537cfde52c8a9c36fdae6860afac6bb794a54469e645e6b85d85da47506cde7236d8ad2c489bc3ffb3669a7ea104c73ae2eaa123aa7f2b3d2ccb1d399dc25b6
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Erixon Aalto, Hanna

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Erixon Aalto, Hanna
By organisation
Critical Studies in Architecture
Architecture

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 19 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 256 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf