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Norges första oljeexploatering?: En arkeobotanisk och morfometrisk undersökning av linfrön från Eikebakken, Norge
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Norway'sfirst oil exploitation? : An archaeobotanical and morphometric study of flax seeds fromEikebakken, Norway (English)
Abstract [en]

This bachelor’s thesis is based on the charred archaeobotanical material from a settlement at Eikebakken, Norway dated to the end of Bronze Age. The study focuses on determining the potential use of weeds and the oil plant flax (Linum usitatissimum). The archaeobotanical samples contained large amounts of charred flax seeds, and to determine whether it was used for oil or textile production a morphometric study of the material was undertaken and compared to other morphometric studies from Northern Europe.

An experiment on modern flax seeds, carbonised at different temperatures, was used to expand current knowledge about how flax seeds change through the carbonisation process and why flax seeds are so rarely preserved in prehistoric contexts. The experiment results compared to the carbonized flax seeds from Eikebakken are shown with different diagrams and visualisations. The morphometric analysis together with the experiment provides new knowledge about the flax seeds complications with preservation and that flax in Norway's earliest stages was most likely grown for textile fibres, a contradiction to earlier assumptions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 70 p.
Keyword [sv]
Arkeobotanik, Chenopodium, Linum usitatissimum, lin, Norge, Rogalands fylke, sen bronsålder, tidig järnålder, experimentell arkeologi, Morfometrisk undersökning
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141170OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141170DiVA: diva2:1152914
External cooperation
Arkeologiskt museum Stavanger; Stavangers Universitet
Subject / course
Archaeology
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Archeology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-26 Created: 2017-10-26 Last updated: 2017-10-26Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2260 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies
Archaeology

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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