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Historielärares klassrumsbedömningar: Innehåll och roll i ett historiedidaktiskt perspektiv
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics. (CSD-FL)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4890-9224
2017 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
History Teachers' Classroom Assessments : Content and Role in View of History Didactics (English)
Abstract [en]

Assessment is a permanent part of history teaching, and the interest in assessment is highly current in the Swedish educational system. One aspect is formative assessment and feedback as a tool for learning; another aspect is that assessment tends to be more and more formalized.

Earlier research on written assignments and tests show that history teachers often focus on assessing history knowledge as content and memorizing school textbook. Thus the risk is that history education and assessment does not correspond to the new curricula and rating scale with a wider range of goals.

This study investigates the ongoing assessment in the history classroom, frequently entitled ”the black box”. Four history teachers in Swedish upper secondary school were interviewed about assessment, and their classroom assessments in a series of lessons were observed and recorded. The requested historical competencies in teachers´ questioning and feedback are interpreted through the concepts of the historical thinking tradition. Similarities and differences are discussed.

Results show a great variety in questioning and feedback. Closed questions are present, but are not in majority, and encouraging feedback is more frequent than rejective. All teachers have the same principle – first order concepts or content come first, then second order concepts or thinking about the first order concepts. Among the second order concepts comparision stands as a universal tool to understand content and handle second order concepts. Cause and consequence combined with continuity and change (most focus on change) also appear to be common in the classroom assessements. More rare are historical persectives and significance. Most teachers consider the classroom assessment as valuable chances to get to know pupils´ history knowledge, but one teacher consider the ongoing pupils’ statements as far more reliable than the written ones, when it comes to grading.

The over all result indicates that classroom assessments can involve more than history knowledge as memorized content like single facts.

Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning har visat att historielärares arbete med bedömning av skriftliga elevarbeten ofta tenderar att begränsas till innehålls- och minneskunskaper, och att historiska kunskaper som förmågor kommer på undantag. De allra flesta lärare gör dock fortlöpande klassrumsbedömningar, som är integrerade i undervisningen.

I denna studie intervjuas fyra gymnasielärare i historia om sin bedömningspraktik, och deras klassrumsbedömningar observeras och spelas in. Empirin ställs i relation till och analyseras med kunskapsbegrepp från det historiska tänkandets didaktik.

Resultatet visar att medverkande lärare följer principen att innehållskunskaper utgör en grundläggande kunskapsbas, men att andra aspekter av historiska kunskaper också iscensätts, t.ex. orsak-konsekvens, förändring-kontinuitet och i viss mån perspektivtagande samt signifikans. Tydligast framträder förmågan att jämföra som ett redskap att såväl förstå innehåll som att dra slutsatser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2017. , p. 138
Series
Studier i de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik ; 33Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2017:42
Keyword [sv]
klassrumsobservation, klassrumsbedömningar, bedömning, historiska kunskaper
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64755ISBN: 978-91-7063-819-0 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7063-914-2 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-64755DiVA, id: diva2:1151464
Presentation
2017-12-01, Sundstagymnasiet, Kammarmusiksalen, Säveg. 7, Karlstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-11-14Bibliographically approved

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