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Rural Electrification and Societal Impacts on Future Energy Demand in Bolivia: A Case Study in an Altiplano Community
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Social variables are a predominant force to community development in rural areas. However, research on how social aspects affect the energy situation as a community expands is to date limited. This study aims explore this void and investigate the following question:

“What could be a feasible pathway to reach a sustainable and resilient future state in Micaya, based on the impact of key variables within three different sectors: education, health and production?”

In this study, theories and models of rural electrification and scenario analysis are transposed and applied to community operated rural electrification in order to frame development. The investigation is restricted to focus on three social sectors, healthcare, education and production. Current literature confirmed that social aspects are missing in rural electrification programs. 

Through interview and discussion with an established expert group important social variables have been identified in the study community. These variables lay the foundation for the scenario building used to define a desirable future in the case study community. It was found that the variables within the production sector are most influential to future developments in the study community. 

The study revealed that energy access, especially access to electricity, is an essential condition for the development of rural communities. However, it does not guarantee an increase in productivity or effectiveness in social institutions in the absence of other development programs. The study also concludes that well-planned, carefully implemented rural electrification programs provide enormous benefits to rural people. Once an area has reached a certain level of development, further improvement of societal institutions depends on the availability of a secure and stable energy supply.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 46
Series
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 2017/34
Keyword [en]
Sustainable Development, Rural electrification, Energy assessment, Decentralized energy solutions, Scenario analysis, Minor Field Study
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-332000DiVA, id: diva2:1151047
Subject / course
Sustainable development
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
Presentation
2017-09-06, Hambergsalen, Geocentrum, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 16:14 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-24 Created: 2017-10-20 Last updated: 2017-10-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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