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Parents' perceptions of children's accident risk
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
1988 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present thesis was, first, to study how parents and other adults percieve or judge children’s accident risk, and, secondly, to relate such judgements to the subjects’ preferences for and satisfaction with different residential conditions.

A theoretical framework is proposed which assumes that judgements of children’s accident risk are based on beliefs about what causes accidents to children. Such beliefs are furthermore assumed to be acquired more often from indirect sources than from own direct experiences. Nevertheless, because of parents’ higher motivation to protect their children, they are assumed to differ from other adults who are not parents with respect to their causal models and, as a consequence, their risk perceptions.

To test some implications of the theoretical framework, three empirical studies were carried out in which parents and nonparents were requested to judge the risk children run of having accidents under different circumstances and to judge the strengths of five causes of such accidents, the parent, the child, the environment, other people, and chance. In two of the studies the subjects were also requested to express their preferences for different residential neighborhoods varying in traffic conditions, or satisfaction with their own residential conditions either as it is or if changed in different ways.

Support for the implications of the theoretical framework was obtained in that causal explanations of accidents were shown to play a decisive role for judgements of accident risk. However, very slight differences were found between parents’ and nonparents’ causal models and risk perceptions. The results furthermore indicated that accident risk was of importance for parents’ satisfaction with their residential conditions if changes with perceived accident consequences were implemented. In this respect parents differed from nonparents. For the latter other things than children’s accident risk tended to be more important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1988. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Risk perceptions, childhood accidents, residential satisfaction
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140749ISBN: 91-7174-389-8 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-140749DiVA, id: diva2:1150298
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Note

S. 1-26: sammanfattning, s. 27-78: 3 uppsatser

Available from: 2017-10-18 Created: 2017-10-18 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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