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Speeding up electro-mobility: How to electrify half of new car sales by 2030
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4233-5138
Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm.
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Noxious diesel emissions far above official limits and the need to rapidly reduce-greenhouse gases generate widespread calls for banning fossil-fueled cars in Europe. This report shows that it is possible to electrify 50 per cent of all new cars in the EU by 2030.

 This, however, requires massive investment in European battery production capacity, and a long-term commitment to sustainable supply of critical materials. In addition a large-scale expansion of the charging infrastructure is needed, in particular at home and at work places, which account for around 95 per cent of all battery charging. Moreover, local grids will need enforcement in most countries. The additional electricity demand must be satisfied at a time when many coal-fired and nuclear-based power plants will be decommissioned.  Plug-in hybrids, which combine a downsized combustion engine with an electric motor, will probably play an important role, both to relieve long-distance drivers of range anxiety and to reduce the demand for scarce virgin metals, in particular cobalt.

 To make the shift happen, an EU-wide Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) mandate needs to be established from 2025, with planned stringency increases every second year or so. Such a regulation is less vulnerable to budget restraints and changing relative prices than financial incentives. At the same time, the regulatory demands on manufacturers to reduce CO2 emissions from combustions engines need to become more stringent and apply to all combustion engines, including those in plug-in hybrids. Such a combination of policies will make it possible to realize the overall target of 50 per cent electrification of new cars in a robust and flexible way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brussels: Transport and Environment , 2017. , p. 82
Keyword [en]
Electric vehicles, Li-ion batteries, total cost of ownership, recycling, policy instruments
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-142010DiVA, id: diva2:1150073
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2012-0086:1
Note

Financial support from Jan Wallander´s, Tom Hedelius' and Tore Browald´s research foundations at Svenska Handelsbanken, Stockholm.

Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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