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Computational sound propagation models: An analysis of the models Nord2000, CONCAWE, and ISO 9613-2 for sound propagation from a wind farm
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The recent goals from some countries to become renewable energy based and reduce carbon dioxide emissions have caused the wind industry to grow. Together, the size of the wind farms and the noise emission have grown, while the noise emission regulations have to be fulfilled. Numerical simulations based on engineering approaches are in many cases a fast alternative that may supplement actual sound measurements at the site on question. However, the sound propagation models have many assumptions and estimations, as different variants can affect the resulting sound propagation. The accuracy of the sound propagation models Nord2000, CONCAWE, and ISO 9613-2 are investigated in this research by comparing the predicted to the measured sound pressure levels from a wind farm in northern Sweden.

Different parameters were investigated in each model, as wind speed and direction, roughness length, ground class, temperature gradient, and receiver height. The computational calculations were run on SoundPLAN software for a single point, the nearby dwelling. For the different parameters investigated, the settings were defined and inputted in the software, and the calculations were run. The equivalent sound pressure level results from the computational models were compared to the equivalent sound pressure level of the sound measurements filtered from background noise.

The results indicate that the model ISO 9613-2 did not perform well for the specific site conditions at the wind farm. On the other hand, the CONCAWE and Nord2000 showed high accuracy, for downwind conditions at 8 m/s. For upwind conditions at 8 m/s, Nord2000 is more accurate, as the refraction of the sound rays are better calculated on this model. For the variants investigated on the Nord2000 model, the results that better approximate to the sound levels of the sound measurements are the roughness length 0.3, ground class D, and temperature gradient  0.05 K/m. Thus, these settings would be recommended for calculations with Nord2000 for noise assessment in a permit process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 61
Keywords [en]
Nord2000; CONCAWE; ISO 9613-2; noise propagation; noise wind turbines.
National Category
Engineering and Technology Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331752OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-331752DiVA, id: diva2:1150045
Subject / course
Wind Power - Bachelor's Thesis in Wind Power Project Management
Educational program
Master Program in Wind Power Project Management, 60 hp (HGO)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Department of Earth Sciences
Engineering and TechnologyFluid Mechanics and Acoustics

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