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Vad påverkar elevers attityder till matematik?: En systematisk litteraturstudie med fokus på hur positiva attityder kan främjas.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
What affect students' attitudes towards mathematics? : A literature review focusing on how to enhance positive attitudes (English)
Abstract [sv]

I dagens samhälle framstår matematik som ett tråkigt och svårt ämne som bara vissa kan mäkta sig på. Många elever har negativa attityder gentemot ämnet vilket innebär att de slutar intressera sig för det som lärs ut på matematiklektionerna och missar chanser att lära sig. För att främja elevernas lärande inom matematiken samt motverka att eleverna tar med sig sina negativa attityder till vuxenlivet syftar den föreliggande studien till att undersöka vad som kan påverka elevernas attityder till matematik i skolsammanhang och då framförallt hur dessa kan påverkas positivt. Undersökningen har skett genom en systematisk litteraturstudie där underlaget för den samanställda forskningsöversikten hämtats från databasen Web of Science. Studiens resultat visar på att det finns flera typer av påverkan på elevers attityder till matematik samt att effekten av påverkan både kan vara positiv och negativ beroende på hur den uttrycks och hanteras. De viktigaste typerna av påverkan kan dock sammanfattas till sociala faktorer, elevens syn på ämnet och vem som kan ta sig an det, samt huruvida eleven ser matematiken och den matematiska undervisningen som meningsfull.

Abstract [en]

In society today, mathematics appears to be a boring and difficult subject that only some people can manage. Many students have negative attitudes towards the subject, which means that their interest in what is thought in the math lessons decreases and they are missing out on opportunities to learn. To promote pupils' learning in mathematics and to prevent students from taking their negative attitudes into adulthood, the present study aims to investigate what effects various kinds of influences may have on students’ attitudes towards mathematics and, above all, how they can be positively influenced. For the survey, a systematic literature study has been used and the basis for the compiled research overview has been retrieved from the Web of Science database. The results of the study indicate that there are several types of influences on pupils’ attitudes towards mathematics and that the influence both can have a positive and a negative effect depending on how it is handled and expressed. However, the most important types of influences can be summarized into social factors, the students' perspective on the subject and on who they think can manage it and the student´s believes of mathematics and the teaching as a meaningful subject.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 72
Keyword [en]
mathematics, attitudes, influence, elementary school
Keyword [sv]
matematik, attityder, påverkan, grundskolan
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61562OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-61562DiVA, id: diva2:1149692
Subject / course
Mathematics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved

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