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Early adversity and psychiatric symptoms: a prospective study on Ethiopian mothers and their children
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1033-2618
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Obstetrics and Reproductive Health Research.
2017 (English)In: BMC Psychiatry, ISSN 1471-244X, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 17, article id 344Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to adversity during the perinatal period has been associated with increased susceptibility for psychiatric symptoms in the offspring. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible developmental effect of maternal perinatal stressors on emotional and behavioural symptoms in the offspring in a developing country.

METHODS: We followed an Ethiopian birth cohort (N = 358), assessing intimate partner violence (IPV) and maternal psychiatric symptoms during the perinatal period and at follow-up 10 years later, as a proxy for adversity, and maternal ratings on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) 10 years later as the outcome.

RESULTS: Among the women, exposure to IPV was common (60.6%) during the perinatal period and predicted IPV (29.9% of the mothers) at follow-up (ρ = 0.132; p = 0.012). There was also an association between maternal psychiatric symptoms at the two time points (ρ = 0.136; p = 0.010) and between maternal symptoms and IPV. Current maternal symptoms of anxiety and depression (β = 0.057; p < 0.001), but not during the perinatal period, were associated with child CBCL-scores.

CONCLUSION: Our findings do not support the hypothesis that early adversity increase susceptibility for psychiatric symptoms. However, the findings emphasize the public health problem of IPV in this population, adding to the women's mental health problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 17, article id 344
Keywords [en]
Child psychiatric symptoms, Intimate partner violence, Maternal distress, Perinatal, Programming theory
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Child and Youth Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331413DOI: 10.1186/s12888-017-1500-2ISI: 000413023200001PubMedID: 29020947OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-331413DiVA, id: diva2:1149248
Available from: 2017-10-13 Created: 2017-10-13 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved

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