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Mentala träningstekniker inom lag- och individuell idrott
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Mental skill training in team versus individual sports (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: What are mental methods, and what kind of utility do you have for using these techniques? Team player and individual athletes are different from the beginning by the way they do there sports, but is there similarities or is it only differences between them. These two sports that will be presented are track and field and basketball and there use of mental methods.Intention: Investigate whether there is any difference between the uses of mental techniques in an individual sport than a team sport?Method: To collect data, TOPS (Test of performance strategies) written by Thomas, Murphy & Hardy (1999) questionnaire form will be the basis for the questions. TOPS is a questionnaire with 10 mental techniques, this study will focus on three of them, goal setting, visualization and pep-talk. To secure that the answers would be as properly answered as possible, were paper questionnaire given personally to every participants.Result: Mental techniques are used by athletes in both team sports and individual sports; however, there is no significant difference between the two athlete groups. The results in this study showed that goalsetting were almost used the same amount between individual athletes and team players. It was however a bigger different between the use of pep-talk and visualization, where team players used more pep-talk while individual athletes were using more the visualization technique. During a comparison between the different sports, the results showed that basketball players in this study were using more pep-talk, while the track and field, and mostly the throwers were using more of visualization.Discussion: The results that have been acknowledge in this study shows that all three mental techniques are used by both individual and team players. My personal thoughts were that the results would give opposite results about visualization and pep-talk between team sports and individual sports. The reason behind these results might be because of that team players, and by that mostly basketball players, have more use of visualize a special technique situation, like throwing a ball, while an individual athlete, in this study track and field athletes, have more use of pep-talk both before and during a race, because they might need more motivational speech to finish the race.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 48
Keywords [sv]
Inre samtal, visualisering, målsättning, TOPS (Test of performance strategies), individuellt idrottande och lagidrott
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64683OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-64683DiVA, id: diva2:1149219
Subject / course
Sports Science
Educational program
Programme in Sport Science/sport coaching, 180 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-13 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Sport and Fitness Sciences

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Citation style
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Output format
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