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Fred genom ickevåld: Johan Galtung, Gene Sharp och Västsahara
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis battles with the question on how we can create peace and solve conflicts withoutthe use of violence. It mixes the academic disciplines of peace and conflict, sociology and thestudy of human rights. Using the theories concerning conflict and conflict resolution of JohanGaltung and the theories of strategic nonviolence of Gene Sharp the tools of creating peace bynonviolence is crafted in a comparative study. Then, by conducting hypothetical experimentswithin the conflict of Western Sahara using the tools the conclusion is reached. Differentaspects of violence, peace and power is discussed and analyzed and different weaknesses andstrengths of nonviolent strategies is scrutinized. Finally the different subjects are put togetherin a discussion of what it takes to create peace by nonviolent means. What are the costs ofpeace, what to we have to be willing to pay to solve conflicts, what should our ultimate goalbe? The conclusion is perhaps slightly underwhelming but ultimately crucial to understand.There is no shortcuts to peace and there is no quick fix to solving conflicts.

Abstract [sv]

Den här uppsatsen behandlar frågan om hur vi kan skapa fred och lösa konflikter med hjälp avickevåldet. Den berör både studier om fred och konflikt, sociologi och mänskliga rättigheter. Ien jämförande studie av Johan Galtungs teorier om fred och konflikt och Gene Sharps teorierom strategiskt ickevåld så skapas verktygen för att stifta fred med ickevåldsliga medel. De härverktygen prövas sedan i hypotetiska experiment i konflikten i Västsahara. Olika aspekter avvåld, fred och makt diskuteras och analyseras. Olika svagheter och styrkor med ickevåldsligastrategier behandlas. Slutligen behandlas dessa olika ämnen i en diskussion kring vad somkrävs för att skapa fred med ickevåldsliga medel. Vad kostar fred, vad behöver vi vara villigaatt betala för att lösa konflikter och vad borde det slutgiltiga målet vara? Slutsatsen ärmåhända underväldigande men likväl avgörande att förstå. Det finns inga genvägar till fredoch det finns ingen snabb metod för att lösa konflikter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 56
Keywords [sv]
ickevåld, fred, Västsahara, konfliktlösning, våld, Galtung, Sharp
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331205OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-331205DiVA, id: diva2:1148841
Educational program
Master Programme in Human Rights
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-12 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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