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The Use of Non-Destructive Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) Analysis for Sourcing Flint in Northern Europe: Progress to Date and Prospects for the Future
Lund University.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. University of Johannesburg, South Africa. (Arkeologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8747-4131
Geochemical Research Laboratory, USA.
2017 (English)In: The Exploitation of Raw Materials in Prehistory: Sourcing, Processing and Distribution / [ed] Telmo Pereira, Xavier Terradas, Nuno Bicho, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, p. 98-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The article summarizes the results of work since 2010 to develop nondestructive energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis (EDXRF) as a non-destructive method for determining the provenience of flint in northern Europe. Some 40 localities from Sweden, Denmark, Germany,

Poland, and Ukraine have been sampled and analyzed. Trace elements have not proven particularly effective in drawing distinctions between and among flint and chert because they often occur below, or near, detection limits. However CaO and Fe compositions usually generated the highest count rates and total counts using EDXRF and their concentrations allowed satisfactory partitioning of some of the flints we analyzed. EDXRF can help us to discriminate among various outcrops of flint used for tool production during prehistory. Future work involves investigating correlations between flint chemistry and visual appearance, as well as investigating source-critical aspects of post-depositional effects on tool surfaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017. p. 98-112
Keywords [en]
Non-destructive energy dispersive X-ray analysis, flint, provenience analysis, geochemistry
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Humanities, Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68290ISBN: 1-4438-9597-0 (print)ISBN: 978-1-4438-9597-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-68290DiVA, id: diva2:1148346
Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2017-11-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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