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Une étude diachronique du suffixe -ard: un examen du sens de quelques mots médiévaux
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
2017 (French)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A Diachronic Study of the Suffix -ard : A Study of the Meaning of Selected Medieval Words (English)
Abstract [en]

This study examines the supposedly pejorative nature of the Germanic derived suffix -ard in French medieval words and their contemporary counterparts. The author looks at the words used in medieval writings available in the online database Frantext Moyen Français, which features texts dating from the year 1330 to 1502. The study reveals that while a large portion of the words ending in -ard in this database can be considered pejorative, a group of words does not carry this connotation, such as words referring to colours or objects. Some words were pejorative in Old French but have lost this connotation over time, while others have disappeared only to reappear centuries later with new meanings. The study also shows that -ard was used to form many types of words – nouns, verbs and adjectives – which take their derivation from several different languages (e.g. Latin, Dutch, Spanish etc.). Sometimes it also seems to appear without any obvious reason, for example when it replaces an already existing suffix. Because of the changeable nature of language, words carrying the ending -ard must be examined in the context in which they occur in order to be properly understood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 37
Keyword [en]
suffix, pejorative value, etymology, meaning, old french, middle french, modern french
Keyword [fr]
suffixe, valeur péjorative, étymologie, sens, ancien français, moyen français, français moderne
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-146838OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-146838DiVA, id: diva2:1140701
Presentation
2017-08-25, Stockholm, 09:00 (French)
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-09-12 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved

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