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Polisanmäla våldtäkt, en självklarhet?: En kvalitativ undersökning om kuratorers uppfattning om vilka faktorer som är avgörande för huruvida kvinnor som blivit utsatta för våldtäkt polisanmäler händelsen eller inte.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Reporting rape, is it a matter of course? : A qualitative study about counselors working in health care facilities and their perception of the factors that determine whether or not women exposed to rape police report the incident. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna undersökning var att ta reda på kuratorers uppfattning om vilka faktorer som är avgörande för huruvida kvinnor som blivit utsatta för våldtäkt polisanmäler händelsen eller inte. Resultatet baseras på fem kvalitativa intervjuer med kuratorer som arbetar inom hälso- och sjukvård och som i sitt arbete möter kvinnor som blivit utsatta för våldtäkt. Vid tolkning av empirin har inspiration från hermeneutiken och dess idéer tillämpats. Undersökningens resultat har analyserats i förhållande till generell systemteori och ekologisk systemteori och vidare har de faktorer som kunnat urskiljas delats in i mikro- meso och makronivå. Undersökningens resultat visar att det utifrån kuratorernas uppfattning inte går att urskilja några specifika avgörande faktorer för om kvinnor polisanmäler våldtäkt eller inte. Det är snarare ett flertal bidragande faktorer som påverkar kvinnan på olika sätt i det som i slutänden är hennes val. Vidare framkom av resultatet fler faktorer till att inte polisanmäla än till att polisanmäla, vilket tillsammans med det stora mörkertalet som föreligger gällande våldtäkt kan tolkas som att den självklara normen i Sverige om att brott ska polisanmälas inte tycks gälla när det avser våldtäktsbrott.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine counselors working in health care facilities and their perception of the factors that determine whether or not women exposed to rape police report the incident. The result is based on five qualitative interviews with counselors who in their work meet female rape survivors. Throughout our research process we have been inspired by the hermeneutic method. The analysis was based upon the general system theory and the ecological system theory. The factors we found for reporting rape were divided into micro- meso and macro level. The result of this study shows that it is not possible to distinguish specific factors for if female rape survivors report the rape to the police or not. It is rather a multiple number of contributive factors that affect the women in different ways. In the end it is the woman who makes the final decision whether she will report the rape or not, but never without being affected by her closest surroundings. Furthermore the result shows more factors not to report to the police than doing so, this result along with the verified estimated number of unknown cases in terms of rape can be interpreted as meaning that the obvious norm in Sweden that a crime is supposed to be reported to the police is not given when it comes to reporting rape.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 32
Keyword [en]
rape, woman, police report, counselor, factor.
Keyword [sv]
våldtäkt, kvinna, polisanmälan, kurator, faktor.
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-62625OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-62625DiVA, id: diva2:1130752
Subject / course
Social Work
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Social Work (210 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-08-10 Last updated: 2017-10-10Bibliographically approved

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