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Uppfattningar om stretching vid långdistanslöpning: Ett perspektiv från såväl tränare som elitlöpare
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Perceptions about stretching at long distance running: A perspective fromboth coaches and elite runners (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte

I dagsläget finns det forskning som ger underlag till evidens inom stretching och dess effekter

på såväl prestation som skadeprevention. Det finns dock få studier som visar vilka

uppfattningar löptränare och löpare har angående stretching. Syftet med studien var därför att

beskriva vilka uppfattningar löptränare och elitlöpare har om stretching och dess eventuella

effekter på såväl prestation som skadeprevention.

Metod

Undersökningen inkluderade fyra löptränare (män i åldrarna 30-60 år) och fyra elitlöpare (två

kvinnliga respektive två manliga i 20-årsåldern) som valdes ut genom ett bekvämlighetsurval.

De deltog i en halvstrukturerad intervju med primära frågor samt tilläggsfrågor enligt ett

strukturerat intervjuprotokoll skapat av projektledarna. Varje intervju spelades in,

transkriberades och analyserades med hjälp av fenomenografisk analysmetod.

Resultat

Löptränarnas och elitlöparnas uppfattningar om effekter av stretching var positiva angående

såväl rörlighetsförmåga som skadeprevention. Deltagarna hade skilda uppfattningar vad gäller

effekter på prestation, två löpare menade att stretching ger positiva effekter medan resterande

deltagare uppfattade att stretching inte ger någon effekt.

Slutsatser

Löptränarna och elitlöparna hade överlag en positiv uppfattning om stretching i relation till

skadeprevention vilket går helt emot den aktuella evidensen. Deltagarna uppfattade

rörlighetsförmågan som viktig för långdistanslöpare vilket inte är bevisat i vetenskapliga

studier. Det förelåg skillnader i uppfattningar om positiva effekter på prestationen vilket också

indikerar kunskapsluckor angående stretching kopplat till prestationsförmågan. Det finns en

tydlig kunskapsbrist inom området stretching trots att tränarna har en hög utbildningsnivå

inom träning.

Abstract [en]

Purpose

As of right now there is research that provides a foundation for evidence regarding stretching

and its effects on performance as well as injury prevention. There is however few studies

showing how running coaches and runners perceive stretching. The purpose of this study was

therefore to describe how running coaches and elite runners perceive stretching and its

potential effects on performance as well as injury prevention.

Method

The survey included four running coaches (men in the ages 30-60 years old) and four elite

runners (two women and two men in their twenties) selected through a convenience survey.

They participated in a semi-structured interview with primary questions and additional

questions according to an organized interview protocol created by the project managers. Each

interview was recorded, transcribed and analyzed with phenomenografic analyze method.

Results

The running coaches and the elite runners perceptions about stretching was positive regarding

mobility as well as injury prevention. The participants had different perceptions regarding

effects on performance, two runners and one coach suggested that stretching provides positive

effects while the remaining participants perceived that stretching did not produce any effect.

Conclusion

The running coaches and the elite runners had an overall positive perception regarding

stretching in relation to injury prevention which is completely opposite to the current

evidence. The participants perceived mobility as something important for long-distance

running which has not yet been proven in research studies. Positive effects on performance

were perceived differently which also indicates a lack of knowledge regarding stretching and

performance. There is a clear knowledge gap regarding stretching despite a high level of

coaching education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Injury prevention, interview, mobility, mobility training, performance, phenomenografic method
Keyword [sv]
Fenomenografisk metod, intervju, prestation, rörlighet, rörlighetsträning, skadeprevention
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-25588OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-25588DiVA: diva2:1124477
Available from: 2017-07-13 Created: 2017-07-13

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