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Skolsköterskans erfarenhet av att arbeta med elever som har sammanhängande frånvaro
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
School nurses experience of working with students who have coherent absence (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Allt fler elever är helt eller delvis frånvarande utan giltiga skäl från skolans undervisning trots att det är skolplikt. Det finns många faktorer som påverkar att en elev har frånvaro, dessa kan kategoriseras till psykologiska, sociala/familjerelaterade samt pedagogiska. Elevhälsan bör vara delaktiga i arbetet med att främja närvaro då elever i behov av stöd kan identifieras tidigt. Skolsköterskan innehar kunskap om hälsa, hälsoproblematik samt psykisk ohälsa och kan integrera detta i arbetet och fungera som en länk mellan elev, vårdnadshavare, skola och externa kontakter.

Syfte: Undersöka skolsköterskans erfarenhet av att arbeta med elevers ogiltiga sammanhängande frånvaro på högstadiet.

Metod: Studien genomfördes med kvalitativ metod. Tio skolsköterskor intervjuades via epost och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Studien resulterade i tre huvudkategorier: Att skolsköterskan uppmärksammas på elevers frånvaro, att arbeta med elever som har frånvaro, att samverka.

Slutsats: Skolsköterskans arbete med frånvarande elever sker i samverkan med andra professioner utefter de rutiner och handlingsplaner som finns. Skolsköterskorna är inte alltid direkt involverade i arbetet med dessa elever däremot är skolsköterskorna ofta den samverkande länken i kontakt med professioner inom och utanför skolan gällande dessa elever. 

Abstract [en]

Background: More and more students are wholly or partially absent without valid reasons from the schools teaching even though there is compulsory attendance. There are many factors that affect a student being absent, these can be categorized into psychological, social/family and educational. Student health should be part in the efforts to promote attendance, where students in need of support can be identified early. The school nurse holds the knowledge of health, health problems and mental illness and know how to integrate this into the work and working as a link between the students, parents, school and external contacts.

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine school nurses experience of working with students who have coherent absence

Method: A qualitative research method was used for this study. Ten school nurses were interviewed using e-mail surveys which have been analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Results: The study resulted in three main categories: School nurses get notice about students with absence, School nurses work with absent student and to cooperate.

Conclusion: School nurses work with absent students is done through cooperation with other professions following the current routines and plans for action. School nurses are not directly involved with these students but school nurses frequently work as the collaborative link when contacting other professionals internal and external due to these students.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
School Nurse, Student health, Problematic school abseentism, Nursing
Keyword [sv]
Elevhälsa, Ogiltig frånvaro, Skolsköterska, Omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13908OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13908DiVA: diva2:1120705
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Specialist Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-13 Created: 2017-07-06 Last updated: 2017-07-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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