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Att möta osäkerhet med ett leende - Förhållandet mellan intolerans mot osäkerhet, optimismoch katastrofiering.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det fanns något samband mellanintolerans mot osäkerhet och optimism samt om det fanns något samband mellan intolerans motosäkerhet och smärtkatastrofiering. Utöver det ville vi undersöka om det fanns något sambandmellan upplevd stress under beteendetestet Beads task och förväntningar på kallvattentestet.Våra hypoteser var att vi skulle finna ett negativt samband mellan intolerans mot osäkerhet ochoptimism samt ett positivt samband mellan intolerans mot osäkerhet och smärtkatastrofiering.Vi trodde även att vi skulle finna ett positivt samband mellan upplevd stress under Beads taskoch negativa förväntningar på kallvattentestet. Studien utfördes genom tre enkäter som mätteintolerans mot osäkerhet, optimism och smärtkatastrofiering. Utöver det användes Beads taskför att mäta observerbara beteenden associerade med intolerans mot osäkerhet. Deltagarnabestod av 60 universitetsstudenter, varav 30 män och 30 kvinnor. Resultaten visade att det fannsett negativt samband mellan optimism och intolerans mot osäkerhet samt ett positivt sambandmellan intolerans mot osäkerhet och smärtkatastrofiering. Sålunda tenderar optimistiskapersoner att vara mindre intoleranta mot osäkerhet medan personer med hög grad avsmärtkatastrofiering är mer intoleranta mot osäkerhet. Tidigare studier har visat att optimistiskapersoner har lättare att hantera svåra situationer och att personer med hög grad avsmärtkatastrofiering har mer katastroftankar som leder till oro i osäkra situationer, vilket går ilinje med vårt resultat.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between intolerance ofuncertainty, optimism and pain catastrophizing. Furthermore we wanted to investigate therelationship between distress during the behavioral test Beads task and expectations on the ColdPressor Task. We hypothesized that we would find a negative relationship between intoleranceof uncertainty and optimism and a positive relationship between intolerance of uncertainty andpain catastrophizing. Furthermore we hypothesized that we would find a positive relationshipbetween distress during Beads task and negative expectations on the Cold Pressor Task. Theconvenient sample consisted of 60 university students, 30 males and 30 females. Ourresults showed a negative relationship between optimism and intolerance of uncertainty and apositive relationship between intolerance of uncertainty and pain catastrophizing. Thusoptimistic individuals tend to be less intolerant to uncertainty when individuals with a highlevel of pain catastrophizing are more intolerant to uncertainty. Previous studies showed thatoptimistic individuals have a better way of coping with difficult situations, and that individualswith a high level of pain catastrophizing have more catastrophizing related thoughts whichcause worrying in uncertain situations, which is in line with our results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Intolerance of uncertainty, optimism, pain catastophizing, the Beads Task.
Keyword [sv]
Intolerans mot osäkerhet, optimism, smärtkatastrofiering, Beads task.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-58544OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-58544DiVA: diva2:1120108
Subject / course
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-05 Created: 2017-07-05 Last updated: 2017-10-18

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Citation style
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