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Utilizing boreal forest for climate mitigation - at what cost?: A Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping approach connecting the Paris Agreement to the sustainability of reindeer grazing
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. (Jon Moen)
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Att använda boreala skogar för att begränsa klimatförändringar - till vilken kostnad? : En analys av Parisavtalets konsekvenser för renbetets hållbarhet med hjälp av Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The potential of utilizing boreal forests for carbon storage has gained momentum, a recognition reflected in both the Paris Agreement and science. Research on the consequences of climate policy on sustainable forest management delineate, rather inadequately, the complexities of policy-human-environment interactions. These studies are limited in terms of integrating various land user with different values sharing the same forest resource, such as indigenous peoples. This paper uses a semi-quantitative Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping (FCM) approach to capture interdisciplinary knowledge by comparing different scenarios regarding forest management strategies and power regimes, driven by the Paris Agreement or Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). Given these scenarios, this paper aims to analyze the possible effects on quality of winter grazing grounds for reindeer relative to forest biomass yield. The findings of this study confirm that a scenario with more intensively managed forest is most likely to harm terrestrial and arboreal lichen availability, which is the basis for sustainable winter grazing for reindeer. The study also suggests that more indigenous influence would enhance the sustainability of reindeer herding. Based on these results and given this era of industrially intensified forest management, now partly justified by climate change mitigation, it can be argued that the livelihood of Sami herders is vulnerable due to multiple direct and indirect climate stressors. The results are discussed to explore possible policy implementations, as well as environmental decision making.

 

Keywords: climate policy, climate mitigation, boreal forests, indigenous herding, power regimes

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
climate policy, climate mitigation, boreal forests, indigenous herding, power regimes
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137561OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137561DiVA, id: diva2:1119825
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Biology and Earthscience
Presentation
2017-06-09, 07:18 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-03 Created: 2017-07-05 Last updated: 2018-01-03Bibliographically approved

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ff24cc0e7590a8215fcb18b1c3925275715e4d399b5fa20f1db255b68994f70aa25d7cc7b9005b9be3c8139d89bb4ebdfd4921a9dbe7e55d7836f2a6c5d155c1
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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Output format
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