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Influence of Magnesium in theFormation of Phosphate Spheres: A simple method for the fabrication of sphericalparticles of calcium and magnesium phosphate
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Calcium phosphates and recently also magnesium phosphates, are used for medical applications, due to their biocompatibility and bioactivity. These properites makes spherical particles of calcium and magnesium phosphate suitable for carrier materials for drug delivery applications. By creating porous and/or hollow particles itis possible to load the particles with a drug and control therelease of the active substance.

In this work, an ion-induced method for the synthesis of spherical calcium and magnesium phosphates was developed. A simple precipitation reaction was used, where substituting magnesium ions could replace the function of templates, such as surfactants or micelles, to induce the formation of spheres of a certain size and morphology.

Experimental results showed that magnesium had an inhibitory effect on the nucleation and crystal growth of calcium phosphates. By using substituting ions as a structural regulator, it was possible to alter the size, morphology and phase composition of the spheres. At low magnesium concentrations, the spheres had a smooth surface andwere between 200 nanometer to 1 micrometer in diameter and composed of hydroxyapatite and/or magnesium-substituted beta-TCP. At higher magnesium concentrations, the spheres were about 10-50 micrometer with a rough, flaky surface. Results also proved that calcium ionshave the same effect on the crystallisation and self-assembly of magnesium phosphates. Apart from the magnesium concentration, reaction temperature proved to have a high influence on the sphereformation, whereas Ca/P ratio and reaction times above three hours did not affect the sphere formation to the same extent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Series
UPTEC K, ISSN 1650-8297 ; 17021
National Category
Ceramics Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-326255OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-326255DiVA, id: diva2:1119449
Educational program
Master Programme in Chemical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-04 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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