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Modelling and future performance assessment of Duvbacken wastewater treatment plant
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering (moved 20130630).
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Duvbacken wastewater treatment plant in Gävle, Sweden, currently designed for 100,000 person equivalent (P.E.) is looking for a new permit for 120,000 P.E. due to the expected increase of the population in the community. Moreover, the recipient of the plant’s effluent water was characterized as eutrophic in 2009. The plant emissions are regulated regarding seven days biological oxygen demand (BOD7) and total phosphorus (Ptot) emissions. Yet, there is no available computer model to simulate the plant operations and investigate the emissions of the requested permit. However, it was uncertain if the available data would be sufficient for the development of a new model.

A model of the plant was eventually developed in BioWin® software under a number of assumptions and simplifications. A sensitivity analysis was conducted and used conversely than in other studies. The sensitivity analysis was conducted for the uncalibrated model in order to indicate its sensitive parameters. The parameters of substrate half saturation constant for ordinary heterotrophic organisms (KS) and phosphorus/acetate release ratio for polyphosphate accumulating organisms (YP/acetic) were finally used for model calibration. Following, the model validation confirmed the correctness of the calibrated model and the ability to develop a basic model under data deficiency.

The new model was used to investigate a loading scenario corresponding to 120,000 P.E. where plant emissions that meet the current permits were predicted. Some suggestions proposed were the installation of disc filters in order to further reduce the effluent phosphorus and BOD precipitation in cases of high influent concentrations. In case of the application of a nitrogen (N) permit, the installation of membrane bioreactors and a full-scale chemical P removal was proposed as an alternative that will require a smaller footprint expansion of the plant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Series
TRITA-LWR Degree Project, ISSN 1651-064X ; 2017:01
Keywords [en]
Activated sludge, Data deficiency, Model calibration, Phosphorus removal, Sensitivity analysis, Wastewater
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-210704OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-210704DiVA, id: diva2:1119371
Educational program
Degree of Master - Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Infrastructure
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-05 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2017-07-05Bibliographically approved

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6ca8989a41b961b1f6a7eee07cac339552ff42dd70d07977ea2fea991f5c44a60bc7aef61b17b9d2e7d52d75a9d22d429c7debeff0fc3f47734a3841a33e8ed9
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CiteExportLink to record
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