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Plasmonic Effect of Metal Nanoparticles Deposited on Wide-Band Gap Metal Oxide Nanowire Substrate
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics. (experimental physics)
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The application of nanowires (NWs) in solar cells (SCs) is of great interest due to their new promising aspects established in nanoelectronics. Semiconductors associated with plasmonic metal nanoparticles (NPs) such as Silver (Ag), Gold (Au) and Copper (Cu), show enhanced performance in solid state light absorbing SCs owing to plasmonic characteristic of noble metal NPs.

Plasmonic NPs presented a significant role in development of visible light harvesting for many applications such as photocatalytic materials, photodynamic in Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) and photovoltaics (PVs). Integration of plasmonic NPs in semiconductor materials have opened the routes to expand new PV systems with high efficiency light absorption. In this project, we introduce the synthesis ZnO and TiO2 NWs used as N-type semiconducting substrates and various methods for isolating plasmonic metal NPs, which are later deposited on the semiconducting substrates.

Vertically aligned ZnO and TiO2 NWs arrays were grown on the fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) conductive glass substrates via hydrothermal method at low temperature and the plasmonic NPs were synthesized by wet chemistry procedures and finally decorated on the NW films by using electrophoretic deposition. 

The impact of metal NPs loaded on the ZnO and TiO2 NWs substrates was studied by means of UV-vis spectroscopy and Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The absorbance spectra of individual NPs were recorded. Remarkably, the reflectance spectra of produced samples presented an enhancement in light absorption of the substrates after uptake of NPs on the ZnO and TiO2 NWs. The optical properties of the as grown ZnO NWs films decorated with Ag NPs (I) in direct contact with substrate and (II) in presence of an Al2O3 insulating spacer layer have been investigated. Both systems exhibited an enhancement in the UV band-edge emission from the ZnO when excited at 325 nm. In contrast, the broad bend defect emission of the samples did not have a significant change compare to bare ZnO substrates.

The observed results suggested that the ZnO and TiO2 NWs decorated with plasmonic nanoparticles can boost the optical properties of MOs NWs substrates and hence effectively enhance the separation of photoexcited electron-hole pairs and photo-conversion applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 39 p.
Series
composite materials master thesis/department of engineering science and mathematics
Keyword [en]
plasmonic particles, nano wires, wide band gap semiconductors
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-64762OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-64762DiVA: diva2:1119348
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Materials Engineering, master's level (120 credits)
Presentation
2017-05-24, E231, lulea university of technology, lulea, 08:30 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2017-07-06Bibliographically approved

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Gilzad Kohan, Mojtaba
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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