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Design and optimization of the energy supply for the Global Interactive Village Environment: Techno-economic feasibility of an off grid solution for electrification in India
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics. (Built Environment Energy Systems Group)
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In a energy scenario moving fast towards the deployment of renewable energy technologies and the need of reducing CO2 emissions, hybrid energy systems for rural electrification are a feasible alternative solution to the utilization of conventional Diesel generators. The project focuses on the design and optimization of an off-grid hybrid energy system for a village of around 250 inhabitants in Gujarat, India. The energy system is part of a bigger project, “G.I.V.E. Center of Excellence”, which has an innovative concept on a more sustainable rural lifestyle. The system, which has to depend mainly on locally available resources, intends to serve three main services: electrical demand, water purification and thermal energy for cooking. Two system configurations were designed and optimized to supply the estimated demand. The main outcome is a techno-economic analysis of the different system performances, which leads to a conclusion: dealing with the services individually has lower costs of implementation, less than half if compared to the implementation of a conventional Diesel generator. Furthermore, CO2 emissions are drastically reduced. A sensitivity analysis was performed to address the different uncertainties such as the cost of the fuel. The result shows that if enough biomass resource would be available, a system based only on renewable energy technologies is economically profitable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 71
Series
MSc ET ; 17003
Keywords [en]
Renewable energies, hybrid energy systems, rural electrification, India
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-326164OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-326164DiVA, id: diva2:1119207
External cooperation
KTH - Royal Institute of Technology; ScanIndian Sustainable Solutions
Educational program
Master Programme in Energy Technology
Presentation
2017-06-19, Rosetta Rummet, Ångström laboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
G.I.V.E. ScandinaviaAvailable from: 2017-07-03 Created: 2017-07-03 Last updated: 2017-07-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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