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Exploring drivers of chemical risk management in Sweden: A Q-methodological study of the engineering industry in the Gnosjö region
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Uncertainty about how chemicals affect human health and the environment, and shortcomings in current chemicals legislation, make it necessary to motivate chemical users to work actively with risk management in order to achieve a high level of protection. In this study, the drivers of chemical risk management have been investigated in order to find out how a pro-active work could be promoted. A Q-methodology study was performed online with 15 respondents at 10 different engineering companies in the Gnosjö region in Sweden. The respondents were part of the middle management and the local top management and had an environmental responsibility. Two groups with different views on drivers were identified. To comply with legislation was the main driver of the market-oriented group, while the plant-oriented group considered an improved work environment for employees as the main driver. A tendency to differences between how drivers were valued by middle management and local top management could be distinguished. The study indicated a need to motivate companies to stay ahead of legislation, as well as to enhance the understanding of the environmental impact that the operations have on the environment, and may be used as a basis for further studies of drivers of chemical risk management.

Abstract [sv]

Osäkerhet om hur kemikalier påverkar människors hälsa och miljön samt brister i nuvarande kemikalielagstiftning gör att företag som hanterar kemikalier behöver motiveras till att arbeta aktivt med riskhantering för att en hög skyddsninvå ska kunna uppnås. I föreliggande studie har drivkrafterna bakom arbetet med riskantering av kemikalier undersökts i syfte att ta reda på hur ett proaktivt arbete skulle kunna främjas. En Q-metodologistudie genomfördes online med 15 respondenter på 10 olika verkstadsföretag i Gnosjöregionen i Sverige. Respondenterna utgjordes av personer på mellanchefs- och ledningsgruppsnivå med miljöansvar. Två grupper med olika syn på drivkrafter identifierades. Att uppfylla lagstifning var den viktigaste drivkraften för den marknadsorienterade gruppen, medan den fabriksorienterade gruppen betraktade en förbättrad arbetsmiljö för anställda som den viktigaste drivkraften. En tendens till skillnad i hur drivkrafter värderades på mellanchefs- och ledningsgruppsnivå kunde urskiljas. Studien indikerade ett behov av att motivera företagen till att ligga steget före lagstiftning, samt att öka förståelsen för verksamheternas påverkan på miljön och kan ligga till grund för fortsatta studier rörande drivkrafter bakom riskhantering av kemikalier. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
chemicals, drivers, engineering industry, Q-methodology, REACH, risk management
Keywords [sv]
drivkrafter, kemikalier, Q-metodologi, REACH, riskhantering, verkstadsindustri
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-65983OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-65983DiVA, id: diva2:1118069
Educational program
Environmental Risk Analysis Master Programme, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-30 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-06-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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