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Lärares erfarenheter av nationella prov i biologi.: En kvalitativ studie i grundskolans senare år.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Nationella prov i biologi infördes 2009 i den svenska skolan. Målet med dessa prov är att skapa ett jämställt bedömningsunderlag oberoende av vilken plats i landet som undervisningen bedrivs. En trend bland svenska elever är att deras kunskaper inom naturorienterande ämnen har försämrats under senare år. Resultat från internationella undersökningar som PISA-undersökning visar på detta. Detta trots att nationella prov och nya läroplaner har införts. För att undersöka detta intervjuades fyra biologilärare på högstadiet för att få deras syn på nationella prov i biologi. Alla intervjuade har genomfört nationella prov med sina elever. Resultatet av denna kvalitativa studie visar att nationella prov till en viss grad påverkar biologilärarna hur de bedriver sin undervisning. Men de påpekar att läroplanen har en större inverkan på deras undervisning. Lärarna beskriver att elevernas intresse för biologi inte har påverkats sedan man infört nationella proven. Lärarna upplever att antalet elever som uppnår kunskapskraven på de nationella proven har ökat sedan proven introducerades. Eleverna har blivit bättre på att koppla ihop olika delar i biologiämnet och skapa helheter. Dock har eleverna blivit sämre på faktakunskaper. Denna syn överensstämmer på många punkter med tidigare forskning på samma ämne. För att både nationella prov och en ny läroplan införts sedan 2009, är det inte möjligt att tillskriva vilken av dessa som har haft starkast effekt.

Abstract [en]

National tests in biology were introduced in 2009 in Swedish schools. The aim of the tests is creating an equal basis of grading that is independent of the geographical location of the school. The international studies of PISA show a trend among Swedish students where the knowledge within the natural science subjects has been deteriorating during recent years. This in spite of the fact that national tests and new curriculums have been introduced. To research this and to form an understanding of it four biology teachers in secondary school were interviewed. All the teachers interviewed have had classes taking the national tests. The result of this qualitative study shows that the national tests affect the biology teachers’ teaching methods to some degree. However, they point out that the curriculum has a bigger effect on their teaching. They also say that the students’ interest in biology has not changed since the introduction of the national tests. The teachers have noticed that the number of students that pass the national tests have increased since the introduction of the national tests. Students have become better at connecting different parts within the biology subject and see the bigger picture. Their factual knowledge has decreased however. This view agrees in many aspects with earlier research of the same topic. Because both national tests and new curricula have been implemented since 2009, it is not possible to positively identify which has had the strongest effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
National tests, fulfilling of aims, views on knowledge
Keywords [sv]
Nationella prov, måluppfyllelse, kunskapssyn
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-56624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-56624DiVA, id: diva2:1117930
Subject / course
Biology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-30 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-06-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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