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Forskning om nyttan av fysisk aktivitet för ungdomar i relation till depression: En litteraturstudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Depression är en folksjukdom som drabbar omkring en tredjedel av alla individer någon gång under livet och ungdomar verkar vara speciellt utsatta. Traditionell behandling består av terapi och, i svårare sjukdomsfall, antidepressiva läkemedel. Det har även diskuterats huruvida fysisk aktivitet skulle kunna lindra eller förhindra symptom, här är dock forskarna av delade åsikter.

Syfte: Syftet med studien är att ta reda på om det finns något vetenskapligt stöd för att fysisk aktivitet hjälper mot depressiva symptom hos ungdomar samt, i så fall, på vilket sätt.

Metod: Fjorton originalartiklar som undersöker sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet och depression hos ungdomar har granskats, jämförts och sammanfattats i en review-artikel. Studierna publicerades mellan åren 2012-2016, undersöker inga andra sjukdomar än depression och är konsekvent utförda på människor. Sökdatorn som använts är PubMed.

Resultat: Nio av studierna (64,3%) tyder på att fysisk aktivitet kan ha en behandlingseffekt eller förebyggande effekt mot depression hos ungdomar. Fem studier (35,7%) visar inget sådant samband.

Slutsats: Majoriteten av de granskade studierna tyder på ett samband mellan ökad fysisk aktivitet och minskad depression hos ungdomar. Sambandet är dock inte statistiskt signifikant då oenigheten mellan forskargrupperna är stor.

Abstract [en]

Background: Depression is a widespread disease that affects about one third of all individuals at some point in life and adolescents seem to be particularly vulnerable. Traditional treatment consists of therapy and, in more severve cases of illness, antidepressants. It has also been discussed if physical activity could relieve or prevent symptoms, about which many scientists do not share the same opinions.

Aim: The aim of the study is to find out if there are any scientific support for that physical activity helps against depressive symptoms in adolescents and, if so, in what way.

Methods: Fourteen original articles that examine the relationship between physical activity and depression in adolescents has been reviewed, compared and summarized. The studies were published between the years 2012-2016, examines no diseases other than depression and is completely performed on humans. The database that has been used is PubMed.

Results: Nine of the studies (64.3%) suggests that physical activity may have a treatment effect or preventive effect against depression in adolescents. Five studies (35.7%) shows no such connection. 

Conclusion: The majority of the articles suggesting a link between increased physical activity and reduced depression in adolescents. However, the relationship is not statistically significant because of the disagreement between the studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 23
Keywords [sv]
Depression, fysisk aktivitet, ungdomar, träning, mental hälsa
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-65956OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-65956DiVA, id: diva2:1117485
Subject / course
Biomedical Sciences
Educational program
Health Science Programme with Specialisation in Bio Sciences, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-06-29Bibliographically approved

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