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The information paradox - Horizon structures and its effects on the quasinormal mode gravitational radiation from binary merger ringdowns: Gravitational echoes from reflective near horizon structures
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics. Uppsala University.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Classical theory cannot provide a satisfying scenario for a unitary thermodynamic evolution of black holes. To preserve information one requires quantum mechanical effects on scales reaching beyond the traditional horizon radius. Therefore, common to many of the theories attempting to resolve the paradox is the existence of exotic horizon structures.

The recent advent of gravitational wave astronomy provides a possible means for detecting the existence of such structures through gravitational wave emission in the ringdown phase of binary black hole mergers. Such emission is described by quasinormal modes (QNMs) in which the gravitational waves originates outside the black hole, in the vicinity of the photon spheres. Requiring reflective properties of the horizon structure results in the existence of gravitational echoes that may be detected by facilities such as LIGO etc..

This thesis studies geodesic motion of such echoes in the equatorial plane of a rotating black hole. Depending on the extent of the horizon structure, and the particular mode of emission, one can expect different timescales for the echoes. For a horizon structure extending    outside the traditional horizon of a   black hole one would ideally find echoes appearing as integer multiples of  after the primary signal. The time delay is expected to increase by at least an order of magnitude if one lets . The expected echo timescales for gravitational waves emitted from any point around the black hole, in arbitrary modes, is an interesting further study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 77
Series
FYSAST ; FYSMAS1055
Keywords [en]
information paradox, gravitational waves, horizon structures, binary black hole merger, quasinormal modes, QNM, gravitational echoes
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-325840OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-325840DiVA, id: diva2:1117113
Educational program
Master Programme in Physics
Presentation
2017-06-16, Oseenska, Uppsala, 13:19 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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