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Investigation of CFD conjugate heat transfer simulation methods for engine components at SCANIA CV AB
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Applied Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The main objective of this Master Thesis project is the development of a new methodology to perform Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) conjugate heat transfer simulations for internal combustion engines, at the Fluid and Combustion Simulations Department (NMGD) at Scania CV AB, Södertalje, Sweden. This new method allows to overcome the drawbacks identified in the former methodology, providing the ability to use the more advanced polyhedral mesh type to generate good quality grids in complex geometries like water cooling jackets, and integrating all the different components of the engine cylinder in one unique multi-material mesh. In the method developed, these advantages can be used while optimizing the process to perform the simulations, and obtaining improved accuracy in the temperature field of engine components surrounding the water cooling jacket when compared to the experimental data from Scania CV AB tests rigs.

The present work exposes the limitations encountered within the former methodology and presents a theoretical background to explain the physics involved, describing the computational tools and procedures to solve these complex fluid and thermal problems in a practical and cost-effective way, by the use of CFD.A mesh sensitivity analysis performed during this study reveals that a mesh with low y+ values, close to 1 in the water cooling jacket, is needed to obtain an accurate temperature distribution along the cylinder head, as well as to accurately identify boiling regions in the coolant domain.

Another advantage of the proposed methodology is that it provides new capabilities like the implementation of thermal contact resistance in periodical contact regions of the engine components, improving the accuracy of the results in terms of temperature profiles of parts like valves, seats and guides.

The results from this project are satisfactory, providing a reliable new methodology for multi-material thermal simulations, improving the efficiency of the work to be performed in the NMGD department, with a better use of the available engineering and computational resources, simplifying all the stages of multi-material projects, from the geometry preparation and meshing, to the post-processing tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 59
Keywords [en]
CFD, conjugate heat transfer, multimaterial, computational fluid dynamics, master thesis
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-138758ISRN: LIU-IEI-TEK-A--17/02737—SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-138758DiVA, id: diva2:1114127
External cooperation
SCANIA CV AB
Presentation
2017-06-07, P-18, C-Building, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-24 Created: 2017-06-22 Last updated: 2017-07-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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