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Parents' presence and parent-infant closeness in 11 neonatal intensive care units in six European countries vary between and within the countries
Turku Univ Hosp, Turku, Finland.;Univ Turku, Turku, Finland..
Univ Turku, Turku, Finland..
Tallinn Childrens Hosp, Tallinn, Estonia.;Tartu Univ, Tartu, Estonia..
Hosp Gregorio Maranon, Madrid, Spain..
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2017 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 106, no 6, p. 878-888Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Little is known about the amount of physical parent-infant closeness in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), and this study explored that issue in six European countries.

Methods: The parents of 328 preterm infants were recruited in 11 NICUs in Finland, Estonia, Sweden, Norway, Italy and Spain. They filled in daily diaries about how much time they spent in the NICU, in skin-to-skin contact (SSC) and holding their babies in the first two weeks of their hospitalisation.

Results: The parents' NICU presence varied from a median of 3.3 (minimum 0.7-maximum 6.7) to 22.3 (18.7-24.0) hours per day (p < 0.001), SSC varied from 0.3 (0-1.4) to 6.6 (2.2-19.5) hours per day (p < 0.001) and holding varied from 0 (0-1.5) to 3.2 (0-7.4) hours per day (p < 0.001). Longer SSC was associated with singleton babies and more highly educated mothers. Holding the baby for longer was associated with gestational age. The most important factor supporting parent-infant closeness was the opportunity to stay overnight in the NICU. Having other children and the distance from home to the hospital had no impact on parent-infant closeness.

Conclusion: Parents spent more time in NICUs if they could stay overnight, underlining the importance that these facilities play in establishing parent-infant closeness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 106, no 6, p. 878-888
Keywords [en]
Family-centred care, Kangaroo care, Preterm infants, Single-family room parent-infant closeness, Skin-to-skin care
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-324221DOI: 10.1111/apa.13798ISI: 000401011500007PubMedID: 28235152OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-324221DiVA, id: diva2:1112525
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2017-06-20Bibliographically approved

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