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Förekomst av corneal och conjunctival hyperfluorescens associerad till skötselprodukter i kombination med kontaktlinsen Biofinity
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om preservative-associated transient hyperfluorescens (PATH) förekommer mer vid användandet av en multipurposevätska kontra vid användandet av ett kontaktlinsskötselsystem med väteperoxid.

Metod: Försökspersonerna, vana kontaktlinsbärare och ögonfriska, tillpassades den mjuka kontaktlinsen Biofinity.  Gradering av ögats främre segment utfördes med och utan infärgning av fluorescein. Därefter fick försökspersonerna två olika kontaktlinsvätskor, Refine One Step och BioTrue, att använda som skötselsystem. Lott drogs för att bestämma vilken lins som skulle skötas med vilket skötselsystem. Dagen efter kom försökspersonen tillbaka när kontaktlinserna suttit i ögonen exakt två timmar, ögonens yttre segment färgades in med fluorescein för att gradera conjunctival och corneal staining. Linserna sattes i igen och försökspersonen kom tillbaka efter fyra timmar för ytterligare en gradering, med fluorescein. Sju samt fjorton dagar senare upprepades samma procedur som vid dag två.

Resultat: Medelvärden för PATH vid användandet av de båda kontaktlinsvätskorna (BioTrue och Refine One Step) togs fram och parat t-test användes för att analysera resultaten: BioTrue besök 1-2 (p<0,05), 3-4 (p<0,05) samt 5-6 (p<0,05); Refine One Step besök 1-2 (p=1), 3-4 (p=0,42) samt 5-6 (p=1). Detta visar statistiskt signifikant skillnad mellan PATH och en PHMB-baserad kontaktlinsvätska i kombination med silikonhydrogellins; ingen statistiskt signifikant skillnad visades vid användandet av ett väteperoxidsystem i kombination med en silikonhydrogellins.

Slutsats: PATH förekommer vid kombinationen silikonhydrogel-lins och skötselsystem innehållandes konserveringsmedlet PHMB, men gav däremot ingen minskad komfort. För den kliniska verksamheten är PATH inget att oroa sig för då detta inte visar bioinkompatibilitet mellan kontaktlinsen och kontaktlinsvätskan.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to evaluate if a greater amount of preservative-associated transient hyperfluorescence (PATH) is appearing when using a multipurpose-solution compared to using a hydrogen peroxide system as a cleaning and disinfecting scheme for contact lenses.

 

The subjects who participated in this study were contact lens wearers and had healthy eyes. Subjects were fitted with the soft contact lens Biofinity. The cornea and conjunctiva were examined with and without the color agent fluorescein using a slit lamp. The subjects received two different contact lens care systems: Refine One Step and BioTrue. The subjects were randomly assigned which lens that would go with which care system. The subjects came back the next day after having the contact lenses in the eyes for two hours. The contact lenses were removed, and fluorescein was instilled in order to grade corneal and conjunctival staining with the slit lamp. The contact lenses were then inserted again. The subject then came back after having the contact lenses in the eyes for four hours and another grading of corneal and conjunctival staining with the slit lamp was made. Seven and fourteen days later the subjects came back for the same procedure as day two.

 

Mean values for PATH when using both of the contact lens solutions (BioTrue and Refine One Step) were calculated and a paired t-test was used to analyze the results: BioTrue visit 1-2 (p<0.05), 3-4 (p<0.05) and 5-6 (p<0.05); Refine One Step visit 1-2 (p=1), 3-4 (p=0.42) and 5-6 (p=1). This shows a statistically significant difference between PATH and PHMB-based contact lens solutions and silicone hydrogel contact lenses; no statistically significant difference between PATH and contact lens care system containing hydrogen peroxide in combination with a silicone hydrogel contact lens.

 

PATH is appearing when combining a silicone hydrogel contact lens together with a multipurpose solution containing the preservative agent PHMB but gave no decreased comfort. In the clinical work PATH is non-significant, the presence of PATH does not show bio incompatibility between silicone hydrogel lenses and preservative agents but is simply the fluorescein which binds to the preservative agent PHMB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 21
Keywords [sv]
Cornea, conjunctiva, kontaktlinser, kontaktlinsskötselsystem, PATH, staining
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-65556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-65556DiVA, id: diva2:1111795
Educational program
Optometry Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2017-06-29Bibliographically approved

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