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Elevers upplevda delaktighet: En populationsbaserad studie av elevers delaktighet i skolmiljön och deras självskattade hälsa
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Pupils perceived participation : A population-based study of pupils participatopn in the school enviroment and their self-assessed health (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Individers delaktighet och möjlighet att påverka sin livssituation lyfts ofta fram i hälsofrämjande arbete. Forskning stödjer att skolframgång är en skyddsfaktor för att bevara en god psykisk hälsa. Elevers möjlighet att vara delaktiga och påverka sin skolsituation är faktorer som främjar både lärande och hälsa. Barns och elevers delaktighet är en viktig del av arbetet med mänskliga rättigheter och under år 2018 förväntas Förenta nationernas konvention om barnets rättigheter antas som svensk lag.

 Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det fanns det ett samband mellan elevers upplevda delaktighet i skolsituationen och deras hälsa samt att belysa vilka faktorer i skolsituationen som hade betydelse för upplevd delaktighet.

 Metod: Studien genomfördes som en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie av data från elevhälsodatabasen ELSA. Sambandsanalyser gjordes med variabeln ”delaktig och får vara med och bestämma” mot elevens skolsituation, relationer, självbild, riskbeteende och upplevd hälsa. Alla sambandsanalyser gjordes med Chi2 test, signifikant var <0.05.

 Resultat: Resultatet visade att elevers upplevda delaktighet hade statistiskt signifikanta samband med skolsituation, relationer, självbild, riskbeteende och upplevd hälsa. Elever med låg delaktighet uppgav en lägre grad av arbetsro på lektionerna, de var mindre nöjda med sitt skolarbete, hade färre vänner i skolan och upplevde i en lägre grad att vuxna var vänliga. Upplevelsen av låg delaktighet hade ett starkt samband med psykisk ohälsa. Det var mer än dubbelt så många elever med upplevd låg delaktighet, bland både pojkar och flickor, som kände sig ledsna och oroliga.

 Konklusion: Studien belyser hur central elevers upplevda delaktighet är för deras hälsa och livssituation, även om det kausala sambandet inte kan påvisas. Att systematiskt stärka elevers delaktighet är ett hälsofrämjande arbetssätt som också kan förbättra skolans möjlighet att fullgöra sitt kompensatoriska uppdrag. Det vill säga att skolan ska möta varje elev utifrån dess individuella förutsättningar och kompensera för det som eleven kan ha behov av för att klara sina studier.

 

Abstract [en]

Background: Individuals' participation and ability to influence their life situation are often highlighted in health-promotion. Research supports that school success is a protective factor for maintaining good mental health. Pupils' ability to participate and influence their school situation are factors that promote both learning and health. The participation of children and pupils are an important part of the work on human rights and in 2018 the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is expected to be adopted as a Swedish law.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a link between pupils ' perceived participation in the school situation and their health, as well as to shed light on what factors in a school situation which had significance for perceived participation.

 Method: The study was conducted as a quantitative cross-sectional study of data from the health data base, ELSA. Correlation analysis was made with " included and be allowed to decide" towards the pupil's school situation, relationships, self-image, risk behavior and perceived health. All correlation analyses were done with the chi-squared test, significant were < 0.05.

 Results: The results showed that pupils ' perceived participation had a statistical significant relation with school situation, relationships, self-image, risk behavior and perceived health. Pupils with low participation indicated a lower degree of calm to study, they were less satisfied with their school work, had fewer friends in school and experienced to a lesser extent that adults were friendly. The experience of low participation had a strong correlation with mental ill health. It was more than twice as many with perceived low participation, among both boys and girls, who felt sad and worried.

Conclusion: This study highlights how central pupils ' perceived participation is for their health and life situation, although the causal relationship cannot be demonstrated. To systematically strengthen pupils’ participation is a health promotion approach that also can improve the school's ability to meet its compensatory mandates. That is, the school system must meet each pupil's individual needs and compensate for what the pupil may need to complete his or her studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 43
Keywords [en]
Participation, School Children, Inclusion, Relations, Perceived Health
Keywords [sv]
Delaktighet, Skolelever, Inkludering, Relationer, upplevd hälsa
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-55159OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-55159DiVA, id: diva2:1111524
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Master Programme in Health Science: Focus Public Health Sciences, 120 ECTS credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-21 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2017-06-21Bibliographically approved

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