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Effects of serotonin on personality in field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus)
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. 2015.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Animal personality can be defined as a set of physiological and behavioral characteristics that differ between individuals, but are consistent over time and across situations. The evolution of individual differences in behavior that are consistent over time and situations is still not clear. Our understanding of why animals have personality can be improved by investigating the underlying physiological mechanisms of animal behavior. Serotonin is a key monoamine that serves as a physiological modulator of animal behavior. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are a group of chemicals that increase levels of serotonin in the brain. Fluoxetine is one such chemical and is used to treat depression in humans. In the field cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus), increased levels of serotonin have been linked to higher activity and boldness, which are both personality traits. In the current study, the effects of induced serotonin on activity, exploration, boldness and aggression was investigated. My results show that injecting fluoxetine causes substantial changes in behavioral traits used to describe personality in field crickets. This result is opposite to previous studies, as serotonin induced individuals were less active, less explorative, and won less fights, compared to control individuals. This could be due to serotonin existing naturally within the circulatory system of the field cricket, whereas fluoxetine is a manufactured chemical intended for human receptors, or that fluoxetine has a similar effect in modulating personality in field crickets as in humans. Since fluoxetine acts similarly in field crickets as in humans, an increased understanding of the effects of induced serotonin on different behaviors in field crickets could be beneficial for treating psychological illnesses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 17 p.
Keyword [en]
Activity, Aggression, Boldness, Exploration, Fluoxetin, Gryllus bimaculatus, Personality, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
National Category
Behavioral Sciences Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-138521ISRN: LITH-IFM-G-EX--17/3367--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-138521DiVA: diva2:1111408
Subject / course
Biology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(889 kB)14 downloads
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Björklund Aksoy, Simon
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  • apa
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