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Patienters uppfattning av information innan anti-VEGF behandling
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Age-related macula degeneration (AMD) drabbar framförallt äldre människor. Synen blir snabbt försämrad i de centrala delarna. Tidigare studier har identifierat att otillräcklig information kan skapa oro inför behandlingen. För att utveckla informationen är det betydelsefullt att veta hur informationen uppfattas. 

Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva patienters uppfattningar om den informationen som ges före anti-VEGF behandling.

Metod: Fenomenografisk ansats har använts som metod för studien. Det centrala i Fenomenografi är att hitta variationen av uppfattningar inom en grupp och beskriva fenomenet i beskrivningskategorier. Djupintervju användes som insamlingsmetod och nio patienter intervjuades. 

Resultat: Resultatet visar tre beskrivningskategorier. Den första kategorin är: Otydlighet i informationen som beskriver informanternas sätt att se på informationen. Andra beskrivningskategorin belyser att känna tillit till sjukvårdspersonalen. Den tredje och sista beskrivningskategorin är att känna oro vilket beskriver andras tankar, till hygien och till smärta.

Slutsats: Studien har visat att patienter som inte får rätt anpassad information känner oro inför behandling. Patienterna har ofta många frågor kring diagnosen och hur behandlingen kommer att gå till. De söker svar på frågor genom att antingen använda internet eller kontakta ögonmottagningen. En mer individuellt anpassad muntlig information kompletterat med bra skriftlig/digital information skulle kunna minska oron för patienterna.

Abstract [en]

Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects primarily older people. The vision is rapidly deteriorating in the central parts. Previous studies have identified inadequate information to cause anxiety for treatment. In order to develop the information, it is important to know how the information is perceived.

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to describe patient perceptions of the information given prior to anti-VEGF treatment.

Method: Phenomenographic approach has been used as a method of study. The essential of Phenomenography is to find the variation of perceptions within a group and describe the phenomenon in description categories. Deep interview was used as a collection method and nine patients were interviewed about the information and experience of the injections.

Result: The result shows three description categories. The first category is: Unclearness in the information that describes the informant’s way to view the information. The second category describes how to trust the healthcare professionals. The third and last description category is to feel anxiety which describes thoughts of others, to hygiene and to pain.

Conclusion: The study has shown that patients who do not receive the correct custom information feel anxiety before treatment. Patients often have many questions about the diagnosis and how the treatment will be addressed. They seek answers to questions by either using the internet or contacting the eye clinic. A more individually adapted verbal information supplemented with good written / digital information could reduce the concerns of the patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 18 p.
Keyword [sv]
Patienter, information, AMD, anti-VEGF behandling, fenomenografi
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-65522OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-65522DiVA: diva2:1111360
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme in Eye Care, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-07 Created: 2017-06-18 Last updated: 2017-07-07Bibliographically approved

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