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Environmental regulation in the Swedish pulp and paper industry: An econometric analysis of the effectiveness of performance standards
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Miljöreglering inom den svenska massa- och pappersindustrin : En ekonometrisk analys av effektiviteten hos gränsvärden (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of environmental regulations for water-borne emissions in the Swedish pulp and paper industry. Furthermore, the study intends to analyze if there are differences in the effectiveness before and after the restructuring of the Swedish regulatory procedures in 1999. It also addresses the impact of compliance periods in the regulatory process. The method is econometric and based on the use of a fixed-effect panel data regression model. The data comprise 1 698 unique observation from 21 Swedish pulp and paper mills during the time period 1980-2013 regarding emissions, emission standards and production levels. The results display that the environmental regulation in the industry has been effective in the sense that emissions have decreased with the implementation of performance standards. Furthermore, the period before 1999 shows a greater reduction of emissions than the period after 1999. Finally, the results indicate that the use of compliance periods appears to have contributedto a greater reduction in emissions compared to cases where no such periods are granted.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie är att analysera effektiviteten av miljöregleringen av vattenbaserade utsläpp inom den svenska massa- och pappersindustrin. Dessutom avser denna studie att analysera om det finns några effektivitetsskillnader före och efter omstruktureringen av den svenska regleringsprocessen år 1999. Studien behandlar även effekten av anpassningsperioder i regleringsprocessen. Metoden är ekonometrisk och baseras på en "fixed-effect" panel datamodell. Datamaterialet består av 1 689 unika observationer från 21 svenska massa- och pappersbruk under åren 1980 - 2013 avseende utsläpp, gränsvärden och produktionsnivåer. Resultatet visar att miljöregleringen har varit effektiv i den meningen att utsläppen har minskat med införandet av gränsvärden. Dessutom, perioden innan 1999 visar en större utsläppsreduktion än perioden efter 1999. Till sist, resultaten indikerar att användandet av anpassningsperioder verkar ha bidragit till större utsläppsreduceringar i jämförelse till de fall där dessa perioder inte beviljades.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 61
Keywords [en]
Environmental regulation, performance standards, Swedish pulp and paper industry, fixed-effect regression, compliance period, econometric
Keywords [sv]
Miljöreglering, gränsvärden, svenska massa- och pappersindustrin, ekonometri, anpassningsperiod
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-64136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-64136DiVA, id: diva2:1111069
Educational program
Business and Economics, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-22 Created: 2017-06-17 Last updated: 2017-06-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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